NCTI- Pharmacology- Side Effects

  1. Acetylsalicylic Acid
    Gastrointestinal: bleeding, heartburn, epigastric pain

    CNS: dizziness, confusion, drowsiness

    ENT: tinnitus, hearing lossOther: may impair renal function, may prolong labor in pregnancy with increased bleeding
  2. Morphine Sulfate
    • Cardiovascular: bradycardia, hypotension, (rebound tachycardia/hypertension)
    • Neurological: sedation, agitation, tremors/seizures, hallucinations
    • Respiratory: depression, arrest
    • Gastrointestinal: nausea/vomiting
  3. Activated Charcoal
    • Respiratory: choking
    • Gastrointestinal: vomiting, black stools, abdominal cramping/bloating
  4. Nitroglycerin
    • Cardiovascular: hypotension, bradycardia, rebound hypertension/tachycardia, palpitations
    • Neurological: headache
    • Other: flushed skin, sublingual burning
  5. Oxygen
    Respiratory: dry mucous membranes, upper respiratory irritation, pulmonary edema
  6. Diazepam
    • Cardiovascular: bradycardia, hypotension, rebound tachycardia
    • Neurological: dizziness, drowsiness, headache
    • Respiratory: respiratory depression/arrest
    • Gastrointestinal: nausea/vomiting
  7. Midazolam
    • Cardiovascular: bradycardia, rebound tachycardia, hypotension
    • Neurological: amnesia, drowsiness, agitation, ALOC
    • Respiratory: respiratory depression or arrest
    • Gastrointestinal: nausea/vomiting
  8. Naloxone
    • Cardiovascular: tachycardia, hypertension, dysrhythmias
    • Neurological: tremors/seizures, aggressive/combative
    • Gastrointestinal: nausea/vomiting
  9. Glucagon
    • Cardiovascular: tachycardia, hypertension
    • CNS: dizziness, headache
  10. Dextrose 50% in water (D50W)
    • Patients may complain of warmth, pain or burning at the injection site.
    • Dextrose can cause severe neurologic symptoms (Wernicke’s encephalopathy or Korsakoff’s psychosis) if patient is thiamine deficient.
  11. Thiamine
    • Cardiovascular: mild hypotension
    • Respiratory: pulmonary edema
    • Gastrointestinal: nausea/vomiting
Card Set
NCTI- Pharmacology- Side Effects
NCTI- Pharmacology- Side Effects