Cardiac/lymphatic terms

  1. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  2. aneurysm/o
    widening, widened blood vessel
  3. aort/o
  4. -graphy:
    process of recording
  5. -rrhaphy
  6. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  7. arteri/o

    arteriosclerosis results in a decreased blood supply, especially to the cerebrum and lower extremities
  8. scler:
    hardening, sclera (white of eye)
  9. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  10. arteriol/o
  11. ather/o
    fatty plaque
  12. atri/o
  13. cardi/o

  14. -megaly

    cardiomegaly and megalocardia is enlargement of the heart
  15. phleb/o

  16. thromb/o
    blood clot
  17. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening
  18. varic/o
    dilated vein
  19. -ose
    pertaining to, sugar
  20. vas/o
    vessel; vas deferens; duct
  21. vascul/o
  22. ventricul/o
    ventricle (of heart or brain)
  23. -cardia
    heart condition
  24. tachy-
  25. -gram
    record, recording
  26. -graph
    instrument for recording
  27. -um
    structure, thing
  28. endocardium
    inner membranous layer, lines the interior of the heart and the heart valves
  29. myocardium
    middle muscular layer

    arranged in a way that the contraction of the muscle bundles results in squeezing or wringing of the heart chambers to eject blood from the chambers
  30. pericardium
    fibrous sac, surrounds and encloses the entire heart
  31. cardiac tompnade
    when fluid presses on the heart and prevents it from beating
  32. what structure provides the mechanism of cardiac muscle to squeeze blood out of the heart chambers to maintain the flow of blood in on direction?
    cross striations
  33. What 2 systems is the circulatory divided into?
    cardiovascular (heart & blood vessels)

    lymphatic (lymph vessels, lymph nodes, lymph organs [spleen, thymus, tonsils])
  34. what is the largest blood vessel in the body and is theĀ  main trunk of system circulation?
    aorta - it arches out at the left ventricle
  35. what 2 veins, with deoxygenated blood, enter the right atrium?
    inferior vena cava (from lower portion of body, legs) & superior vena cava (from upper portion of the body)
  36. what is the only artery that carries deoxygenated blood?
    pulmonary trunk

    -it branches into the right and left pulmonary arteries, which convey deoxygenated blood to the lungs
  37. how many lobes does each lung have?
    • right - 3 lobes
    • left - 2 lobes
  38. How does oxygen-rich blood enter the heart?
    4 pulmonary veins (2 left, 2 right), which deposit blood into the left atrium.
  39. 159

Card Set
Cardiac/lymphatic terms
Cardiac/lymphatic terms