Wound Healing, Sutures, Needles, and Stapling Devices

  1. adhesion
    Abnormal attachment of two surfaces or structures that are normally separate
  2. anastomosis
    Pathological, surgical, or traumatic formation of an opening between two normally separate organs or spaces
  3. approximated
    Returned to proximity; brought together sides or edges
  4. chromic
    A suture material manufactured from the submucosa of sheep intestine or serosa of beef intestine treated with chromium salts to delay the rate of absorption
  5. chronic wound
    Wound that persists for an extended period of time
  6. cicatrix
  7. dead space
    A space that remains in the tissues as a result of failure of proper closure of a surgical wound
  8. debridement
    Removal of devitalized tissue and contaminants
  9. dehiscence
    Partial or total separation of a layer or layers of tissue after closure of the wound
  10. evisceration
    Interruption of a closed wound or traumatic injury that exposes the viscera
  11. first intention
    Type of healing that occurs with primary union that is typical of an incision opened under ideal conditions; healing occurs from side to side, dead space has been eliminated, and the wound edges are accurately approximated
  12. French-eyed needle
    A type of needle in which the suture must be threaded by pulling the strand into a V-shaped area just above the eye
  13. friable
    Easily torn or crumbled
  14. herniation
    Abnormal protrusion of an organ or other body structure through an opening in a covering membrane or muscle
  15. immunosuppressed patient
    Patient whose immune system has decreased due to disease, or intentionally decreased with immunosuppressive drugs for organ transplant patients to prevent organ rejection
  16. inflammation
    The body’s protective response to injury or tissue destruction
  17. laceration
    Cut or tear
  18. ligated
    The placement of a suture tie around a vessel or other anatomical structure for the purpose of constriction (i.e., to control hemorrhage from a blood vessel)
  19. monofilament suture
    Suture that is manufactured from one strand of natural or synthetic material
  20. packing
    Sterile fine-mesh gauze that is loosely placed in a chronic wound or one that has been left open to heal by second intention
  21. polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
    A synthetic coating used on certain types of nylon suture material to reduce the drag through tissue
  22. primary suture line
    Main suture that approximates the wound edges for first intention healing to occur
  23. second intention
    Healing that occurs when a wound fails to heal by primary union, or the wound is left open and allowed to heal from the inside to the outside by filling with granulation tissue
  24. secondary suture line
    Sutures placed to support and ease the tension on the primary suture line, thus reinforcing the wound closure and obliterating any dead spaces
  25. swaged
    Strand of suture material with an eyeless needle attached by the manufacturer; the needle is continuous with the suture strand
  26. tensile strength
    Amount of pull or tension that a suture strand will withstand before breaking; expressed in pounds
  27. third intention
    Healing that occurs when two granulated surfaces are approximated; also referred to as delayed primary closure
  28. vessel loop
    Thin strips made of silicone that can be placed around a vessel, nerve, or duct for the purposes of retracting or isolating; the loops are colored for easy identification of the retracted structures
Card Set
Wound Healing, Sutures, Needles, and Stapling Devices
Chapter 11 Vocab.