Physiological ways to measure stress
- blood pressure
- heart rate
- skin response
- epinephrine or cortisol levels
Non-physiological ways to measure stress
- Self reports like...
- Daily stress inventory: goal is to determine the occurrence of daily stressors and the experience of symptoms
- Weekly stress inventory: goal is to assess minor stressors or "hassles" for the time span of a week
Type A personality
- high strung
- reacts to stress in a significantly higher way than type B's
- more at rist of developing heart problems
Type D personality
- more negative
- 'D' stands for "distressed"
inadequate immune response
Causes of immune dificiency
- drug treatment side effect (chemotherapy)
- naturally: immune sys not fully developed, allergies, autoimmune disease (lupus, MS), transplant rejection
- As a result of a virus (AIDS)
focuses on the interactions among behavior, the nervous system, the endocrine system, and the immune system
- susceptibility an individual has to stress or illness
- determined either by....
- predisposing factors (in the person): genetic vulnerability or acquired personality traits or...
- precipitating factors (from the environment): traumatic experiences
Direct effect of stress on disease
- through nervous, endocrine, and immune systems
- could become compromised, allowing for disease to develop
Indirect effect of stress on disease
- through changes in health practices
- stress tends to be related to increases in drinking, smoking, drug use, and sleep problems