1. Which of the following statements about the nomination process in the U.S. is true?

    B. parties play a minor role compared to Europe
  2. A major difference between presidential campaigns and congressional campaigns is that

    A. presidential races are generally more competitive
  3. Which of the following statements best summarizes the value of presidential coattails to congressional candidates of the same party?

    C. it is becoming much less significant today
  4. David Broder suggested that the first task facing anyone who wishes to become president it to

    E. get mentioned as a possible candidate
  5. Since 1962, over ___ percent of House incumbents who sought reelection won it.

    A. 90
  6. Legislators who think of themselves as delegates are most likely to

    B. follow their constituent's wishes closely
  7. Legislators who think of themselves as trustees are most likely to

    C. do what they perceive is best
  8. One reason why the approach used by a candidate in a general election may not work in a primary is that a primary candidate must

    C. play to the ideology of the more liberal or conservative party activists
  9. In the 1968 presidential election, during the height of the Vietnam War, many antiwar voters found neither Richard Nixon nor Hubert Humphrey appealing. the vote they cast is referred to as a(an)

    D. clothespin vote
  10. Research suggest that the role of television advertising spots in determining the out come of an election is

    A. minimal
  11. Candidates are most at risk of verbal slips in the televised

    D. debate
  12. Assume you are running for office on the Greenbelt ticket and need to reach all of the environmentalist in your area. Your best bet is to rely on

    A. direct mailing
  13. When a voter votes for the candidate whom he or she considers more likely to do a better job in office, the voting is referred to as

    A. prospective voting
  14. Retrospective voting involves

    A. basing your vote on past performance
  15. the text points out that the term sleeping giant can best be applied to the 

    C. Hispanic vote
  16. One reason interest groups are so common in the U.S. is that

    A. political parties are relatively weak
  17. One reason interest groups are so common in the U.S. is that

    C. the country has a great many divergent interest
  18. The emergence of large mass-membership unions was an example of interest groups forming as a result of

    D. broad economic developments
  19. The launching of the Chamber of Commerce was an example of interest groups forming as a result of

    A. government policy
  20. One type of interest group whose representation in Washington has skyrocketed since 1970 is the

    A. public interest lobby
  21. An organization that seeks to influence public policy is most accurately referred to as a(n)

    D. interest group
  22. The U.S. tobacco industry is represented in Washington by a strong lobby that seeks to influence public policy regarding the use of tobacco. This lobby is most accurately called a(n)

    D. institutional interest
  23. At some point in your life, you will probably join a group largely for companionship and pleasure. Such a group is satisfying your____ needs.

    E. solidary
  24. The National Association of Science Teachers offers its members reduced rates on car rentals. Such benefits to members are called____ benefits.

    B. material
  25. Unlike other types of mass membership organizations, public interest lobbies principally benefit

    D. nonmembers of the organization
  26. Ideological interest groups attract people by appealing to

    A. coherent, often controversial, set of principles
  27. Which of the following statements about a social movement is generally true?

    D. the more extreme its position, the smaller its size
  28. The single most important tactic of the typical lobbyist is

    C. supplying information to legislatures
  29. Lobbyists are restrained from misrepresenting facts or misleading legislatures by

    B. the fear of losing legislators' trust and confidence
  30. Interest group activity is protected under the U.S. Constitution by the

    A. 1st amendment
  31. The relationship between public officials and the media can best be described as

    A. love-hate
  32. Which of the following statements about the Freedom of Information Act is true?

    C. it virtually guarantees that some secrets will get out
  33. The phenomenon of newspapers being financed by political parties and politicians developed

    E. in the early days of the republic
  34. William Randolph Hearst used his newspapers to push the U.S. into a war against

    E. Spain
  35. The medium that first allowed public officials to reach the public in a relatively unfiltered manner was

    D. radio
  36. At the turn of the century, the growing media sensationalism influencing public opinion was

    A. yellow journalism
  37. To get TV coverage, public officials typically have to

    E. do something colorful or controversial
  38. What do the New York Times and Washington Post have in common?

    A. they are both local papers with national followings
  39. The national media often play the role of gatekeeper, this means that they can

    D. influence what subjects become national political issues
  40. The news media interpret a candidate's second-place finish in the Iowa caucuses as a sign of strength. In this role the media are acting as

    B. scorekeeper
  41. The New York Times publishes an article accusing a Texas senator of using his power to extract contributions from oil industry executives. In this role the Times is acting as

    B. watchdog
  42. Compared with local journalists, reporters and editors for the national media tend to be more

    A. liberal
  43. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution prevents the government from censoring the media?

    E. none of the above
  44. One of the weapons that the government uses to constrain journalist is the 

    A. need for journalist to stay on good terms with their inside sources of info
  45. Compared to the way the public views the credibility of the media, the media views themselves as

    B. fair and unbiased
Card Set