insignificant outbreaks of lawless disorder
violence perpetuates by isolated and native population
Traditional- colonial view
-elevates mindsets of the Filipinos to reach a point where they eventually become conscious of their identity as a nation
- Marxist Historians
- (Nationalist Historians)
What is the middle ground theory?
Onofre D. Corpuz
Who wrote Roots of the Filipino Nation?
Onofre D. Corpuz
What are the two categories of Onofre D. Corpuz?
1. resistance to conquest
2. resistance to regime
Who resisted the conquest?
Who resisted the regime?
Weapons of the Weak
Weapons of the Weak?
conformity is calculated
- beneath surface of ideological resistance
- "symbolic and ritual compliance"
beneath surface peace there is continuous resistance
what colonial officials witnessed in___, was fake
they were secretly fighting
Criteria for Weapons of the Weak:
1. collective and organized
2. principled and selfless, not opportunistic and selfish
- 3. must be revolutionary consequences
- - though covert, still changes status quo
4. must negate rather than accept basis of domination
Crime, Society and the State?
Philippines was thought of ___ with Spain
No kaya, they were fighting through petty crimes
What is the nationalist/ marxist view of Teodoro Agoncillo?
- ineffectual illustrado reform movement
-emergence of mass revolution
What is the second Nationalist view?
poverty and misery: will to lash out and fight back and transform society
Who negated the argument of Teodoro Agoncillo?
Question of heroes?
revolution acc. to Agoncillo and Joaquin due to?
How does he explain the revolt in 1896?
As people become more educated, wealthier--> don't ignore slights: insults, degradation
Rizal will not bow down!!
insurgence is not the biproduct of mass misery
What are the 4Ps elite fight for?
Peace progress prosperity and propaganda
We go to La Union for some peace time, there is prosperity at maganda dito. The mall still alcks progress.
What is an insurgent intellectual movement?
What is amor propio?
The PR involved
below and above, in between and clergy
a revolutionist related to Cry of Balintawak
What occurred in the Cry of Balintawak?
tearing of cedula, capital offense
>> people motivated to fight
Where did it start?
- San Francisco del Monte-->
- Consta Ligas--> Balara
- San Mateo
We went to San Fransisco del Monte first, then we went to Consta LigAs, then we stayed in baLAta, then we went to Las Vegas maRikINa, then we rod PurAng(L) going home to saN mAteo(IA)