History: Chap 14-Renaissance

  1. The Troubled 14th Century

    Early 1300s - _____ _____ _____ led to 10% of the people of Europe dying.
    • high food prices
  2. The Troubled 14th Century

    1348 - a plague called _____ _____ hit Europe.

    It was spread by _____ on infected rats.
     Black Death

  3. The Troubled 14th Century

    Millions of people died from _____ _____.  In England, _____ of the people died.
    Black Death

  4. The infected rats that spread Black Death were carried aboard _____ _____.
    trading ships
  5. Problems with rats may have been the basis for the story of the _____ _____.
    Pied Piper
  6. What did a smaller population mean for Europe?

    Governments had _____ _____.
    Wages were _____, and food prices _____.
    Serfs began to _____ the manors.
    • less money
    • higher, dropped
    • leave
  7. How did Black Death change society?

    Peasants began to demand _____.
    1381 - Peasant revolt against _____ _____ __.
    • rights
    • King Richard II
  8. The peasant revolt of 1381 was called the Great Rising. One of the main reasons for it was a _____ _____ on each person over the age of 15.  King Richard was only 14 at the time and rode out on horseback to meet with rebel leaders, showing considerable _____ qualities in spite of his age.
    • poll tax
    • statesmanship
  9. Why did people look back to Greece and Rome?

    People modeled art, literature, science, and philosophy on what was done in _____ _____ and _____.
    • Ancient Greece
    • Rome
  10. Why did people look back to Greece and Rome?

    _____ means "rebirth" in _____.
    • Renaissance
    • French
  11. Why did people look back to Greece and Rome?

    The Renaissance focused on the _____ and creative _____ and _____.
    • individual
    • thoughts
    • ideas
  12. Renaissance artists copied Greek styles, but _____ upon them.
  13. The Renaissance began in _____ in 1350 and spread to other countries for _____ years.
    • Italy
    • 250
  14. Renaissance people thought that progress in art, literature, and science had stopped during the _____ _____.
    Middle Ages
  15. _____ believed the culture of ancient Greece and Rome was best and called the Middle Ages the "_____ _____."

    He said the classics (Greco-Roman literature) were better than anything written since A.D. _____.
    • Petrarch
    • "Dark Ages"
    • 476
  16. Homer wrote two classics called the _____ and the _____.
    • Iliad
    • Odyssey
  17. Virgil wrote a classic called _____.
  18. What is Humanism?

    The worldview of the Middle Ages focused on the actions, ideas, and works of _____ and emphasized _____ _____ _____.
    • God
    • life after death
  19. What is Humanism?

    The worldview of the Renaissance focused on the actions, ideas, and works of _____ and emphasized _____ _____.
    • men
    • this life
  20. What is Humanism?

    Humanists searched libraries and monasteries for the writings of ancient _____ and _____.

    This led to a renaissance (rebirth) of _____.
    • Greece
    • Rome

  21. A Renaissance man  wanted to know many things - 
    a.  read _____ and _____
    b.  had an interest in _____ and _____
    • Greek, Latin
    • art, science
  22. A Renaissance man wanted to be able to do many things -

    a. play an _____ and _____
    b. write _____
    c.  be strong and good at _____
    d.  ride a _____ and use a _____
    • instrument, dance
    • poetry
    • games
    • horse, sword
  23. A historian and a writer, this man was interested in how rulers got and kept power.
    Niccolio Machiavelli
  24. This man believed that for rulers, the ends justified the means.
    Niccolio Machiavelli
  25. This man wrote his ideas down in a book called The Prince.
    Niccolio Machiavelli
  26. The Renaissance begins in Italy -

    In 1350, most city-states had less than _____ people, but some northern Italian cities grew to have more than _____ people.
    • 10,000
    • 100,000
  27. Italian city-states became wealthy because _____ _____ goods went through Venice, Florence, Milan and Genoa to the rest of _____.
    • Middle Eastern
    • Europe
  28. Italy wasn't united and cities often fought each other for control of _____ _____.
    Mediterranean trade
  29. In the 1300s, Venice defeated Genoa and came to be known as the "_____ __ __ _____."
    Queen of the Adriatic
  30. This city became wealthy as a producer of wool cloth.

    It was a republic, but wealthy families controlled the elections.
  31. One wealthy family of Florence was named _____.

    In 1469, _____ __ _____ became ruler of Florence.

    He was also known as _____ __ _____.

    Lorenzo de Medici

    Lorenzo the Magnificent
  32. Lorenzo de Medici used his wealth to help _____ and _____ and turned Florence into the "_____ __ _____."
    • architects, artists
    • Athens of Italy
  33. Lorenzo de Medici died in the same year that Columbus made his first voyage from Spain - _____.
  34. Why did people give up their worldly possessions?

    In the late 1400s, the economy of Florence _____.

    A monk named Savonarola preached against the Renaissance emphasis on _____.

    Religious leaders asked people to burn anything not _____.
    • declined
    • man
    • religious
  35. How did the monk Savonarola gain power?

    He called Lorenzo de Medici a _____.

    In 1494, the Medici family gave up Florence when it was attacked by _____.

    The people of Florence forced the Medicis out and made Savonarola their _____.
    • tyrant
    • France
    • leader
  36. What happened to Savonarola?

    After four years, the people of Florence grew tired of him and his _____ _____.

    When he spoke out against the _____, he was arrested and _____.
    • hard ways
    • pope, executed
  37. The pope that Savonarola spoke out against was named _____ __, and was a member of the powerful _____ family.
    • Alexander VI
    • Borgia
  38. The two most famous paintings by Leonardo Da Vinci are the _____ _____ and the _____ _____.
    • Mona Lisa
    • Last Supper
  39. The patrons of Leonardo Da Vinci included the _____ __ _____ and _____ _____ __ of France.
    • Duchess of Milan
    • King Francis I
  40. This man's curiosity drove him to explore many fields of study - art, science, engineering, and inventing.
    Leonardo Da Vinci
  41. Who was one of Michelangelo's patrons?
    Lorenzo de Medici
  42. Name two famous sculptures by Michelangelo.

    One shows Mary holding Jesus after His death and the other is of a famous hero of the Bible.
    • the Pieta
    • David
  43. What famous ceiling did Michelangelo paint?

    What are some interesting facts about this painting?
    The Sistine Chapel in Rome.

    He painted scenes from the Bible while lying on his back 80 feet above the ground.

    It took four years to complete and is thought of as one of the greatest art masterpieces ever.
  44. Who was Michelangelo's patron for the painting of the Sistine Chapel?
    Pope Julius II
  45. Who was the artist that painted the "School of Athens" which shows ancient Greek philosophers and scholars?
  46. The Italian painter Raphael is known for painting many pictures of _____ and baby _____.

    What does Madonna mean in Italian?
    • Mary, Jesus
    • "my lady"
Card Set
History: Chap 14-Renaissance
World History Chapter 14 notes