PSYC2120M - Chapter 1

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  1. Define correlational research
    study of naturally occuring relationships among variables
  2. What is culture?
    it is the behaviors,attitudes, ideas, traditions and institutions shared by a large group of people, which is transferred from one generation to the next
  3. What are demand characteristics
    Cues in an experiment that tell the participant what behaviour is expected
  4. Define dependent variable?
    • The variable being measured
    • depends on its manipulations of the IV variable
  5. What is experimental realism?
    degree to which an experiment absorbs and involves its participants
  6. What is experimental research
    studies that seek clues to cause-effect relationship by manipulating one or more factors( like IV variables) while controlling others ( keeping it constant)
  7. What is field research
    Research done in natural, real-life settings outside the laboratory
  8. Hindsight bias
    tendency to exaggerate, after learning an outcome. Also known as the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon
  9. What is a hypothesis
    a testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events
  10. What is an independent variable
    the experimental factor that a researcher manipulates
  11. What is "informed consent"
    an ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate
  12. What is mundane realism
    degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations
  13. What is naturalistic fallacy?
    error of defining what is good in terms of what is observable

    i.e" whats normal is good
  14. what is random assignment
    randomly assigning participants to conditions of an experiment that all other participants had an equal chance of being in
  15. What is random sample?
    A survey procedure in which every person in the population being studied has an equal chance of inclusion
  16. What is social neuroscience
    an integration of biological and social perspectives that uses the neural psychological bases of social & emotional behaviours
  17. What is social psychology?
    the scientific study of how people think about influence, and relate to one another.
  18. What are social representations
    Socially shared beliefs, widely held ideas and values, this includes our assumptions and cultural ideologies.

    Social representations help us make sense of our world
  19. Define theory?
    An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events
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PSYC2120M - Chapter 1
Social Psych textbook flashcards
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