1. I.                   The War for Independence
    War against Great Britain=
    • a.      War against Great Britain= gamble
    •                                                               i.      Britain: strong European military power with enormous financial resources
  2. Second Continental Congress
    • a.      Second Continental Congress authorized formation of Continental Army under Washington as commander in chief
    •                                                               i.      Washington (political experience in VA and military experience in French and Indian War) brought balance to effort led by New Englanders
    • 1.      Compared to British, Continental Army= undisciplined amateurs whose terms of service were brief
  3. Internal division within colonies
    • a.      led to complications
    •                                                               i.      Fought for independence, the Revolutionary War also a civil war (family and neighbors vs. each other)
    • 1.      Loyalists: 15-30% questioned rebellion
    • a.      New York and PA; wealthy, older, politically moderate
    • 2.      Patriots won over many uncommitted people, by persuading/ force
    • a.      Among the rich as well as Loyalists: Washington
    • b.      Joined extensive coalition that included farmers and artisans
    • c.       Wide social spectrum in this coalition had an impact on representative governments in the states after the war
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Right to vote broadened
  4. Important to colony cause
    • a.      Important to colony cause was assistance from foreign countries that wanted revenge for earlier defeats of British
    •                                                               i.      French: gave arms and money to rebels from beginning of war; officers and soldiers served in Washington’s Continental Army
    • 1.      When the British army of General Cornwallis was forced to surrender to a combined American and French army and French fleet under Washington at Yorktown in 1781, the British quit
  5. Treaty of Paris
    a.      Treaty of Paris (1783) recognized American colony independence and granted the Americans control of the western territory from the Appalachians to the Mississippi River
Card Set
Hour Quiz II