APUSH Chapter 22

  1. two italian men that were accused of robbing a bank and murder; anarchists; heighted american fear of foreigners; executed with hardly any proof because of their nationality and political beliefs
    Sacco and Vanzetti
  2. controversial raids by the u.s. justice and immigration departments from 1919 to 1921 on suspected radical leftists in the united states. the raids are named for alexander mitchell palmer, united states attorney general under woodrow wilson.
    Palmer Raids
  3. period in us when there was a suspicion of communism and fear of widespread infultration of communists in the us government
    Red Scare
  4. the war aims outlined by president wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
    Fourteen Points
  5. a 1919 decision upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during wwi. justice holmes declared that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a "clear and present danger" of substantive evils.
    Schenck v. United States
  6. organization also known as the creel commision which was responsible for rallying american's around the war effort through propaganda
    Committee on Public Information
  7. prohibition of alcohol
    Eighteenth Amendment
  8. movement of over 300,000 african american from the rural south into northern cities between 1914 and 1920
    Great Migration
  9. a board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
    National War Labor Board
  10. (ww) , this government agency was headed by herbert hoover and was established to increase the production of food and ration food for the military.
    Food Administration
  11. agency established during wwi to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries., headed by bernard baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc.
    War industries board
  12. the constitutional amendment adopted in 1913 that explicitly permitted congress to levy an income tax.
    Sixteenth Amendment
  13. about 2 million americans went to france as members of this under general john j. pershing. included the regular army, the national guard, and the new larger force of volunteers and draftees and they served as individuals
    American Expeditionary Force
  14. led the american expeditionary force; urged that the aef operate as an independent fighting force, under american command; was made general of the armies of the united states, which is the highest rank given to an officer
    General John J. Pershing
  15. telegram sent by germans to encourage a mexican attack against the united states. intercepted by the us in 1917.
    Zimmerman telegram
  16. a british passenger ship that was sunk by a german u-boat on may 7, 1915. 128 americans died. the sinking greatly turned american opinion against the germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
  17. the idea that the american experience was different or unique from others, and therefore america had a unique or special role in the world, such as a "city upon a hill."
    American exceptionalism
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APUSH Chapter 22
War and the American State