AG 12

  1. to declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand
  2. a brief (a document containing a legal argument supporting a desired outcome in a particular case) filed by a third party who is not directly involved in the litigation but who has an interest in the outcome
    amicus curiae brief
  3. a court having jurisdiction in review cases and issues that were originally in lower court
    appellate court
  4. judicial interpretations of common law principles and doctrines, as well as interpretations of constitutional law, statutory law, and administrative law
    case law
  5. judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shaped according to prevailing custom. decisions were applied to similar situations and gradually became common to the nation.
    common law
  6. a separate opinion prepared by a judge who supports the decision of the majority of the court but for different reasons
    concurring opinion
  7. a separate opinion in which a judge dissents from (disagrees with) the conclusion reached by the majority on the court and expounds his or her own views about the case
    dissenting opinion
  8. the condition that exists when the parities to a lawsuit are from different states or when the sit involves a U.S. citizen and a government or citizen of a foreign country. basis for federal jurisdiction
    diversity of citizenship
  9. a question that has to do with the U.S. Constitution, acts of congress, or treaties. basis for federal jurisdiction
    federal question
  10. exists when a court's authority to hear cases is not significantly restricted. can hear a broad range of cases
    general jurisdiction
  11. a doctrine holding that the federal judiciary should take an active role by using its powers to check the activities of governmental bodies when those bodies exceed their authority
    judicial activism
  12. the way in which court decisions are translated into action
    judicial implementation
  13. a doctrine holding that courts should defer to the decisions made by the elected representatives of the people in the legislative and executive branches
    judicial restraint
  14. the authority of a court to decide certain cases. not all courts have the authority to decide all cases. where a case arises and what its subject matter is are two jurisdictional issues.
  15. a controversy that is real and substantial, as opposed to hypothetical or academic.
    justiciable controvery
  16. exists when a court's authority to hear cases is restricted to certain types of claims, such as tax claims or bankruptcy petitions
    limited jurisdiciton
  17. to engage in a legal proceeding or seek relief in a court of law; to carry on a lawsuit
  18. a court opinion reflecting the views of the majority of the judges
    majority opinion
  19. the arguments presented in person by attorneys to an appellate court. each attorney presents reasons to the court why the court should rule in her or his client's favor
    oral arguments
  20. an issue that a court believes should be decided by the executive or legislative branch
    political question
  21. to send a case back to the court that originally heard it
  22. to annul or make void a court ruling on account of some error or irregularity
  23. a united states supreme court procedure by which four justices must vote to grant a petition for review if a case is to come before the full court
    rule of four
  24. in federal district court judgeship nomination, a tradition allowing a senator to veto a judicial appointment in his or her state.
    senatorial courtesy
  25. to stand on decided cases; the judicial policy of following precedents established by past decisions
    stare decisis
  26. the court in which most cases begin
    trial court
  27. a court opinion or determination on which all judges agree
    unanimous opinion
  28. an order issued by a higher court to a lower court to send up the record of a case for review
    writ of cetiorari
Card Set
AG 12
American Government