1. Complex protein molecules found only in heart muscle. Cardiac enzymes are taken by blood sample to determine the amount of the heart disease or damage.
    cardiac enzymes
  2. A laboratory test to measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
    serum lipoprotein level
  3. Process of taking an X-ray of blood or lymphatic vessels after injection of a radiopaque substance.
  4. Patient is given radioactive thallium intravenously and then scanning equipment is used to visualize the heart; it is especially useful in determining myocardial damage.
    cardiac scan
  5. Measurement of sound-wave echoes as they bounce off tissues and organs to produce an image. Can assist in determining heart and blood vessel damage.
    Doppler ultrasonography
  6. Record of the electrical activity of the heart. Useful in the diagnosis of abnormal cardiac rhythm and heart muscle (myocardium) damage.
    electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)
  7. Process of taking an X-ray tracing of a vein
  8. Passage of a thin tube (catheter) through an arm vein and the blood vessel leading into the heart. Done to detect abnormalities, to collect cardiac blood samples, and to determine the pressure within the cardiac area.
    cardiac catheterization
  9. Noninvasive diagnostic method using ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures; cardiac valve activity can be evaluated using this method.
  10. Portable ECG monitor worn by the patient for a period of a few hours to a few days to assess the heart and pulse activity as the person goes through the activities of daily living.
    Holter monitor
  11. method for evaluating cardiovascular fitness. pt is placed on a treadmill or bike & then subjected to steadily increasing levels of work. an EKG and oxygen levels are taken while the pt exercises. this test is stopped if abnormalities occur on the EKG.
    • stress testing
    • aka exercise test or treadmill test
  12. Emergency treatment provided by persons trained in CPR and given to patients when their repirations and heart stop. CPR provides oxygen to the brain, heart, and other vital organs until medical treatment can restore a normal heart and pulmonary function.
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  13. A procedure that converts serious irregular heartbeats, such as fibrillation, by giving electric shocks to the heart.
  14. During open heart surgery, the routing of blood to a heart-lung machine so it an be oxygenated and pumped to the rest of the body.
    extracorporeal circulation (ECC)
  15. A device implanted in the heart that delivers an electrical shock to restore a normal heart rhythm. Particularly useful for persons who experience ventricular fibrillation.
    implantable cardioverter-defribllator
  16. Electrical device that substitutes for the natural pacemaker of the heart. It controls the beating of the heart by a series of rhythmic electrical impulses. An external pacemaker has the electrodes on the outside of the body; an internal pacemaker has the electrodes surgically implanted within the chest wall.
    pacemaker implantation
  17. Drugs, such as streptokinase or tissue-type plasminogen activator, are injected into a blood vessel to dissolve clots and restore blood flow.
    thrombolytic therapy
  18. Surgical removal of the sac of an aneurysm
  19. Surgical joining together of two arteries; performed if an artery is severed or if a damaged section of an artery is removed.
    arterial anastomosis
  20. Open-heart surgery in which a blood vessel is grafted to route blood around the point of constriction in a diseased coronary artery.
    coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
  21. Surgical removal of an embolus or clot from a blood vessel.
  22. Removal of the inside layer of an artery.
  23. Replacement of a diseased or malfunctioning heart with a donor's heart.
    heart transplantation
  24. Placing a stent within a coronary artery to treat coronary ischemia due to atherosclerosis.
    intracoronary artery stent
  25. Surgical treatment for varicose veins; the damaged vein is tied off (ligation) and removed (stripping).
    ligation and stripping
  26. Method for treating localized coronary artery narrowing. A balloon catheter is inserted through the skin into the coronary artery and inflated to dilate the narrow blood vessel.
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
  27. removal of a diseased heart valve and replacement w/an artificial valve
    valve replacement
  28. drug that produces vasodilation and decrease blood pressure
    ACE inhibitor drugs
  29. reduces or prevents cardiac arrhythmias
  30. prevent blood clot formation
  31. reduced amt of chol & lipids in the blood; treats hyperlipidemia
  32. treats HTN and angina pectoris by lowering the HR
    beta-blocker drugs
  33. Medication that treats hypertension, angina pectoris, and congestive heart failure by causing the heart to beat less forcefully and less often.
    calcium channel blocker drugs
  34. drug thatĀ Strengthens the heart muscle; increases the force of cardiac muscle contraction; treats CHG
  35. increases urine production by the kidneys, which works to reduce plasma and therefore blood volume, resulting in lower bp
  36. contracts smooth muscle in walls of blood vessels; raises bp
  37. relaxes the smooth muscle in the walls of the arteries, thereby increasing diameter of the blood vessel. used for two main purposes: increasing circulation to an ischemic area; reducing bp
Card Set