Endocrine System

  1. antithyroid agents
    anti- = against

    Medication given to block production of thyroid hormones in patients with hypersecretion disorders.

    Methimazole, Tapazoloe; propylthiouracil
  2. corticosteriods
    cortic/o = outer portion

    Although the function of these hormones in the body is to regulate carbohydrate metabolism, they also have a strong antiinflammatory action.   Therefore they are used to treat severe chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.  Long-term use of corticosteroids has adverse  side effects such as osteoporosis and the symptoms of Cushing's disease.  Also used to treat adrenal cortex hyposecretion disorders such as Addison's disease.

    prednisone, Deltasone
  3. human growth hormone therapy
    Hormone replacement therapy with growth hormone in order to stimulate skeletal growth.  Used to treat children with abnormally short stature.

    somatropin, Genotropin; somatrem, Protropin
  4. oral hypoglycemic agents
    • or/o = mouth
    • -al = pertaining to
    • hypo- = insufficient
    • glyc/o = sugar
    • -emic = relating to a blood condition

    Medications taken by mouth that cause a decrease in blood sugar; not used for insulin-dependent patients.

    metformin, Glucophage; glipizide, Glucotrol
  5. thyroid replacement hormone
    Hormone replacement therapy for patients with hypothyroidism or who have had a thyroidectomy.

    levothyroxine, Levo-T; liothyronine, Cytomel
  6. vasopressin
    • vas/o = vessel
    • -pressin = to press down\\Given to control diabetes insipidus and promote reabsorption of water in the kidney tubules.

    desmopressin, acetate; Desmopressin; conivaptan, Vaprisol
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Endocrine System