Soci. ch 1&2

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    • description "Ch 1&2"
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    • Thur, the overreaching objective of this book is to enable you to view 1) And your world from a sociological perspective, to move from the 2) Level to the. 3) Level in understanding social behavior.
    • 1) yourself
    • 2) individual
    • 3) group
  1. The interplay between individuals in their social structures is a two-way street: People are. 1) by there are social structures, and people. 2) their social structures.
    • 1) affected
    • 2) change
  2. The sociological 1) invites us to examine the intersection between personal 2) and social 3)
    • 1) imagination
    • 2) biography
    • 3)influences
  3. Because no science of society existed, 1) attempted to create one himself and 2) the term sociology to describe the science.
    • 1) Comte
    • 2) coined
  4. Spencer believed that evolutionary social change led to 1) provided that people did not 2) . If left alone, natural selection would ensure the 3) of the 4) .
    • 1) progress
    • 2) interfere
    • 3) survival
    • 4) fittest
  5. Marx predicted that ultimately all industrial societies would contain only two social classes : the 1) , those who owned the means for producing wealth in individual society, and the 2) , those who labored at subsistence wages for the bourgeoisie.
    • 1) bourgeoisie
    • 2) proletariat
  6. emphasizes the contributions ( functions ) performed by each part of a society.
  7. 1) theory, in contrast, focuses on the 2) between various groups in a society or between societies.
    • 1) conflict
    • 2) disagreements
  8. ".......1) interactionism: the theoretical perspective that focuses on the interaction among people - interaction based on mutually understood 2) "
    • 1) symbolic
    • 2) symbols
  9. " According to 1) theory ...... Everything is culturally 2) : there is no absolute 3) .
    • 1) postmodern
    • 2) relative
    • 3) truth
  10. Remember that a 1) between two variables does not mean that one 2) the other
    • 1) correlation
    • 2) caused
  11. From a careful examination of relevant theory and previous research finding, a psychologist and state one or more1) - tentative, 2) statements of relationships among variables.
    • 1) hypothesis
    • 2) testable
  12. Variables that 1) something to occur are 2) variables. Variable in which a change 3) ( or effect ) can be observed are 4) variables
    • 1) caused
    • 2) independent
    • 3) change
    • 4) dependent
  13. A. exists when a change in one variable is associated with a change in me other.
  14. The. of survey questions may also introduced bias.
  15. The use of previously collected information is a well- respected method of collecting data. This is known as
    Secondary analysis
  16. The most popular approach to field research is the
    Case study
  17. In. observation, a researcher become a temporary member of the group being studied.
  18. Disadvantages do exist,however. The findings from the one case may not be. to similar situation.
  19. "1) - the duplication of the same study to ascertain its accuracy- is closely link to.2) and 3) ...."
    • 1) replication
    • 2) both reliability
    • 3) validity
  20. Des Cartes said
    I think therefore I am. Individualistic. Western type of thinking.
  21. African philosophy
    I am because we are.
  22. Sociology
    The study of " socius" -" being with others" The study of "people doing things together."
  23. The pattern and of people doing things together.
  24. For self
    The ability to see for oneself the connection between history and biography.
  25. History
    the stream of mankind
  26. Biography.
    How my life is influenced by the larger social by the larger social focus.( social class, economy and politics. exct
  27. For others
    The ability to look beyond the individual as the cause of their success or failure.... and see how society in influences is what happens!
  28. For society
    The ability to view 1 society as an outsider would without bias
  29. Auguste comte
    Coined the term socialigy
  30. Religion is
    • 1) The opiate of the people.
    • 2)Working class accepting their lower position and for a better life in the afterlife
  31. How do you make sense of social behavior? ( Functionalist )
    Interdependence of institution on one another
  32. How do you make sense of social behavior? (Conflict. )
    Conflict! There is tension between competing group.
  33. How do you make sense of social behavior? ( symbols )
    You have to understand the symbols! The most common symbol is language.
  34. What is the most common symbols?
  35. What do you do with change? Functionalist
    Resist it! The goal is to maintain equilibrium. Like a thermostat.
  36. What do you do with changes in conflict category.
    Embrace it! There is constant pleasure to change as people fight for scarce resources. Like power, prestige and property.
  37. What do you do with the names in symbolic category.
  38. What do you do with change in the symbolic category?
    Accept it! People are constantly changing the way that they see reality.
  39. View people and institutions! Functionalist
    Positive ! Society works together like the organs of a body to function for the good of all
  40. View of people and institutions in the conflict category
    Negative! People out for themselves. A dog eat dog mentality
  41. View of people and institutions in the symbolic category?
    Neural- Neither good nor bad its how we perceive or understand the symbols.
  42. What is the view of social order in functionalist category?
    Maintained for the common good by consensus.
  43. What is the view of social order in the conflict category?
    Maintained by those in power through force.
  44. What is the view of social order in the symbolic category?
    Maintained by a comman understanding of behavior
  45. What questions do functionalist ask?
    • 1) what keeps society functioning smoothly.
    • 2) what functions do institutions perform for society.
    • 3) where are dysfunctions ( cancers ) occurring, and how can they fix it
  46. What questions do people in the conflict category ask?
    • 1) what are the sources of conflict.
    • 2) how do people get and maintain control and power
    • 3) how can inequality be overcome in society?
    • 4) who are the haves and the have nots.
  47. What questions do people in the symbolic category ask?
    • 1) how do people develop a sense of self?
    • 2) what are the common symbols that make it social life possible?
    • 3) how do people change the symbols?
  48. Amount of social integration high:
  49. Altruistic
    Ex. Parents, Soldiers, and religious people.
  50. Amount of social integration low:
    • 1) Egoistic
    • 2) Fatalistic
  51. Egoistic
    Ex. Men, protestants, and ppl who are lonely
  52. Fatalistic
    Ex depressed, teenagers
  53. Amount of social integration confused:
    • 1)Fatalistic
    • 2)Anomic
  54. Anomic
    Ex divorced, bankrupt
  55. Durkheim's theory of sucide
    • 1) Altruistic - high
    • 2) Egoistic - low
    • 3) Fatalistic - low/confused
    • 4) Anomic - confused
  56. Marks believed
    That the engine of human history is class conflict between the have vs the have not.
  57. Karl marx was known as?
    The great angry man of the 19th century.
Card Set
Soci. ch 1&2