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Rx for Hep B?
Rx for Hep C?
IFN or anti virals--tenofovir, lamuvidine, adefocir, entecavir
Hep C-- IFN+ ribavirin
Rx for GERD refractory to medical treatment?
nissel fundiplication or hiatal hernia repair
Barium swallow shows what?
gastric emptying time
small bowel follow thru?
stomach, pylorus, duodenum
stomach to ileum
colon and appendix
connection of stomach to skin is called?
connection of ileum to skin?
colon to skin?
visualization of peritoneum
surgical incision into abdominal wall?
3 types of diverticula of esophagus?
- zenker--at the UES
- traction--mid point of esophagus
- epiphrenic--near to LES
how is salmonella and shigella treated?
risk factors for osteporosis?
- post menapuase
- low BMI
- decreased acid in stomach
BEst intial test for suspected stomach perforation?
cause of acute pancreatitis?
- Scorpion sting
most sensitive and specific test for chronic pancreatitis?
Tumor marker for pancreatic cancers?
What is the Whipple procedure?
- resection of head of pancreas with
- proximal jejunum
- distal stomach
Mode of action of Diazoxide?
opens K channels--hyperpolarizes the cell..prevents release of insulin?
Symptomatic Rx for pancreatic Endocrine tumors?
how does the gastric bypass work?
decreasing the size of the stomach and connecting it to the jejunum
Rx for H pylori?
- amoxicillin or metronidazole
What is the parkland formula?
4ml x kg(body weight) x % of Burned BSA
Person travels far, takes on a new identity and doesnt remember it, this is called?
Blueberry muffin rash, PDA, deafness?
Classic presentation for placenta previa?
Which breast cancer can present bilaterally?
what disease produces anterior knee/upper tibia pain? due to inflammation of the tibial tuberosity?
2 abnormal pap smears with ascus?
colposcopy and endocervical curratage
What organism causes diarrhea and psudoappendicitis?
Most accurate test for Acute mesenteric ischemia
what is used to vasodilate blood vessels causing acute mesenteric ischemia?
when do you give rifampin prophylaxis for meningitis?
to close contacts of a patient with n. meningitis or h. influenza type B
what 2 drugs inhibit phosphodiesterase, causing vasodilation and bronchodilation?
- sildenafil--increases cgmp
- methylxanthines--theophylline--increases camp
Rx for febrile seizure?
- decrease body temp
- no antiepileptics!!!!!!
Common Causes of Small Bowel Obstruction?
a, b, c
Best initial test in suspecting small bowel Obstruction?
Most sensitive test for appendicitis?
antibiotics for severe gut infections?
ampicilli/sulbactam + metro + fluoroquinolones
Rx for ileus?
Xray showing double bubble or birds beak of the colon, this is characteristic for?
air in the bowel wall on a ct scan?
what antibiotic is contraindicated in neonatal jaundice?
ceftriaxone bc it displaces bilirubin from albumin and it makes it worse
what is failure to thrive?
- weight is <3%percentile
- weight is <80% for age