To validate and express committment to something
The shared identity of a group of people, especially because of a common language
Rights guarenteed to specific groups in Canadian society for historical and constitutional reasons. These groups are: Aboriginal peoples, including First Nations, Metis and Inuit; and Franacophones and Anglophones
The umbrella name for the diverse aboriginal peoples, who have collective rights that are recognized and protected in Canada's constitution. The constitution refers to First Nations as "Indians" in kepping with the name used at the time of negotiating Treaties
Europeans used the word "Indian" to describe the First Nations of North America, although these peoples were diverse and had names for themselves. Many First Nations prefer not to use the word "Indian" to describe themselves
Independence as a people, with a right to self-government
Land for the exclusive use of First Nations
Fixing firmly within
To bring to a country something that belongs to the country
Become part of a different culture
The belief that one's culture is superior to all other cultures
Federal legislation related to the rights and status of First Nations peoples ("Status Indians") first passed in 1876 and amended several times
A person whose first language is English
A person whose first language is French
One of the groups in Canadian society whose members speak an official language of Canada- French or English- as their first language
Official language community
A group that speaks of Canada's offical languages (English or French) and that does not make up the majority population of a province or territory
Official language minority
Paid for by tades and provided by government
Rights with origins in fundamental justice
In Metis history, a document that could be exchanged for land and that was offered the Metis at the time the Bumbered Treaties were negotiated
Authority to make decisions
Know the "Collective Rights Legislation" chart
- 1.Indian Act
- 2.Historic and Modern Treaties 3.First Nations 4.Aboriginal Peoples 5.Collective Rights 6.Francophones and Anglophones
- 7.Canada's Constitution
- 8.The Metis 9.The Inuit
- 10.Modern Treaties 11.Canada's Constitution
- 12.Manitoba Act 13.Canada's Constitution 14.Modern Treaties 15.Canada's Constitution
What are the Numbered Treaties?
- The Numbered Treaties are historic agreements that affect the rights and identity of some First Nations in Canada.
- The Numbered Teraties have roots in the Royal Proclamation of 1763, and the proclamation recognizes First Nation's rights to land and established the principle of making treaties with First Nations through peaceful Negotiations.
- For First Nations, the Numbered Treaties are sacred- nation-to-nation agreements, solemnly made, that cannot be changed without their agreement.
- The Numbered Treaties were agreements between the Queen and First Nations
What was the Canadian Government's view of the Indian Act?
Canada's government viewed First Nations as peoples who needed guidence
What is a law versus a policy?
- A law describes principles or conditions that must be followed
- A policy describes objectives of government, within the law
When was the 'Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement' made, and what did it do?
- It established the rights of the Sahtu Dene and Metis to 41 437 square kilometers in the Northwest Territories and to negotiate on agreement to govern themselves
When was the 'Nunavut Land Claims Agreement' made, and what did it do?
- It established Inuit title to more than 350 000 square kilometers in Nunavut
When was the 'Nisga' Final Agreement' made, and what did it do?
- It established the rights of the Nisga' Nation to more than 1900 square kilometers in British Columbia, and to govern themselves
What sections of the Charter establish French and English as official languages of Canada?
Section 16-20 of the Charter establish French and English as official languages of Canada, and the right of Canadian citizens to conduct their affairs with the federal government in either official language
What does section 23 of the Charter say?
It says that a French-speaking or English-speaking minority population of sufficient size in any province has the right to publicly funded schools that serve their language community
Where do the Charter rights of official language groups com from?
- Rights for Francophones and Anglophones are part of what made Confederation and so Canada possible
- Under the British North America Act (BNA Act) in 1867, Confederation established Canada as a bicultural, bilingual country with rights for Francophones and Anglophones
- It made French and English official languages of Canada's Parliment
- It guarenteed public schools for the Protestant minority in Quebec and the Catholic minorities in the rest of Canada. The "rest of Canada" at the time, included ONtario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. These Religion based rights corresponded to English- French language division in Canada at the time, since most Protestants spoke English and most Catholics spoke French
What is the Manitoba Schools Act about?
- 1890- Manitoba's School Act:
- Manitoba entered Confederation in 1870, as a billingual province with rights to publicly funded Catholic Schools that served the Francophone community and Protestant schools that served the Anglophone community. Although these rights have been hard won by Louis Reil, and central to the entry of Manitoba into Confederation, the Manitoba School Act.
- Abolished public funding for Catholic schools
- Made Manitoba an officially English only province
What is the Haultain Resolution and North-West Ordinance Number 22 about?
- 1892- Haultain Resoluton and North-West Ordiance Number 22:
- Before Alberta became a province, it was part of the Northwest Territories, which was officially billingual and had publicly funded Catholic Schools and Protestant Schools
- THe Haultain Resolution was proposed by the premier of the territory, Frederick Haultain and passed by the territory assembly. It called for the proceedings of the assembly to be English only
- Ordinance Number 22 required English as the language of instruction in all schools
What is Charte de la langue francaise?
- This Quebec law sets down rules for protecting and promoting the use of the French language in Quebec. It states that:
- French speaking people are distinct people and French is the language that expresses their identity
- The people of Quebec want to make French the language of government and the everyday language of work, education and buisness.