BIO ch.1

  1. adaptation
    an organism which becomes better fitted to survive anf multiply in it's enviroment
  2. atom
    the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
  3. autotroph
    any organisim capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic material
  4. binomial system
    formal system of naming species of living things
  5. biodiversity
    diversity among and within plant and animal species in an enviroment
  6. cell
    the basic structural unit of all organisms
  7. cell theory
    the theory that cells form the fundemental strucutral and functional units of all living organisms
  8. chromosome
    threadlike bodies consisting of chromatin that carry the genes in a linear order
  9. community
    all of the groups of animals or plants living together in the same area or enviroment
  10. conclusion
    a result, issue, or outcome; summing up of the points
  11. control
    to test or verify by a experiment
  12. cytoplasm
    the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus containing the cytosolm, organelles, cytosekeleton, and various particles
  13. deductive reasoning
    reasoning from the general to the particular
  14. deoxyribonucleic acid
    an extremely long macromolecule that is the main component of chromosomes and is the material that transfer genetic characteristics in all life forms
  15. domain
    a field of action, thought, influence
  16. ecosystem
    a system formed by the interaction of community of organisms with their enviroment
  17. element
    one of a class of substances that cannot be separeated into simpler substances
  18. energy
    an exertion of such power
  19. eukaryotic
     a domain of organisms having cells each with a distinct nucleus within which the genetic material is contained
  20. evolution
    any process of formation or growth noted as development
  21. experiment
    a test, trial, or tentative procedure
  22. gene
     a unit of heredity composed of DNA occupying a fixed position on a chromosome
  23. hetrotroph
    an organism requiring organic compounds for its principal source of food
  24. homeostasis
    the maintenance of metabolic equilibrium within an animal by atendency to compensate for disrupting changes
  25. hypothesis
    a statement that explains a set of facts or principles
  26. inductive reasoning
    reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
  27. kingdom
    grouping together all forms of life having certain fundamental characteristics in common
  28. molecule
    smallest physical unit of an element or compound consisting of one or more like atoms in an element 
  29. multicelluar
    composed of many cells 
  30. mutation
    a sudden departure from the parent type in one or more heritable characteristics
  31. natural casuality
  32. natural selection
    process by which forms of life having traits that better enablethem to adapt to specific environmental pressures
  33. ·        nucleus 
     a specialized, usually spherical mass of protoplasmencased in a double membrane, and found in most livingeukaryotic cells
  34. nurtrient
    providing nourishment 
  35. observation
    act of noticing
  36. organ
    a grouping of tissues into a distinct structure
  37. organ system
    a group of organs that work together to perform a certain task 
  38. organelle
    specialized part of the cell having some specific function
  39. organic molecule
    carbon atoms that can attach to other atoms found in living things
  40. organism
    • anything resembling a living creature 
  41. photosysnthesis
    the synthesis of organic compounds from carbon dioxideand water (with the release of oxygen) using light energy absorbedby chlorophyll
  42. plasma membrane
    the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell
  43. population
    all individuals of one species in a given area
  44. prediction
    a forecast
  45. prokaryotic
     having cells in each of which thegenetic material is in a single DNA chain
  46. question
    a problem for discussion or under discussion
  47. scientific method
    • a method of investigation in which a problem
  48. scientific theory
    a theory that explains scientific observations
  49. scientific theory of species
  50. tissue
    cells form definite kind of structural material with a specific function
  51. unicellar
    consisting of a single cell
  52. variable 
    liable to change
Card Set
BIO ch.1
chapter 1 vocabs