7th Grade History - 1920's America

  1. Apocalyptic
    Predicting or presaging imminent disaster and total or universal destruction.
  2. Tumultuous
    Confusedly or violently agitated.
  3. Residential electrification and rural areas
    Despite widespread electricity in cities, by the 1920s electricity was not delivered by power companies to rural areas because of the general belief that the infrastructure costs would not be recouped.
  4. Mass ownership of radios
    Between 1923 and 1930, 60 percent of American families purchased radios.
  5. Will Rogers
    Will Rogers was an American cowboy, comedian, humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer and actor and one of the best-known celebrities in the 1920s and 1930s.
  6. Silent to sound movies
    The first feature film originally presented as a talkie was The Jazz Singer, released in October 1927.
  7. Charlie Chaplin
    Charlie Chaplin became one of the best-known film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Chaplin used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines, and continued well into the era of the talkies.
  8. Charles Lindbergh
    Lindbergh, then a 25-year old U.S. Air Mail pilot, emerged from virtual obscurity to almost instantaneous world fame as the result of his solo non-stop flight on May 20–21, 1927, from Roosevelt Field located in Garden City on New York's Long Island to Le Bourget Field in Paris, France, a distance of nearly 3,600 statute miles, in the single-seat, single-engine monoplane Spirit of St. Louis.  Lindbergh, a U.S. Army reserve officer, was also awarded the nation's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his historic exploit.
  9. Amelia Earhart
    • Earhart was a noted American aviation pioneer and author.
    • Earhart was the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross, awarded for becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
  10. Decline of the rural population
    Much of rural America has seen steady population decline since 1920.
  11. Ku Klux Klan
    A racist, anti-Semitic movement with a commitment to extreme violence to achieve its goals of racial segregation and white supremacy.
  12. Al Capone
    American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. This group was dedicated to smuggling and bootlegging liquor, and other illegal activities in Chicago from the early 1920s to 1931.
  13. Ernest Hemingway
    • Hemingway was an American author and journalist. His distinctive writing style, characterized by economy and understatement, influenced 20th-century fiction, as did his life of adventure and public image.
    • He produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s.
    • He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
  14. F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • Fitzgerald was an American author of novels and short stories, whose works are the essential writings of the Jazz Age, a term he coined himself.
    • He is widely regarded by many as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.
  15. The Lost Generation
    • The "Lost Generation" is a term used to refer to the generation that came of age during World War I.
    • The term was popularized by Ernest Hemingway who used it for his novel, "The Sun Also Rises."
  16. New Negro Movement
    New Negro is a term popularized during the Harlem Renaissance implying a more outspoken advocacy of dignity and a refusal to submit quietly to the practices and laws of racial segregation.
  17. W. E. B. Du Bois
    • The Souls of Black Folk is a classic work of American literature by W. E. B. Du Bois.
    • It is a seminal work in the history of sociology, and a cornerstone of African-American literary history.
  18. NAACP
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, usually abbreviated as NAACP, is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States.
  19. Zora Neale Hurston
    Zora Neale Hurston was an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author during the time of the Harlem Renaissance.
  20. Countee Cullen
    Cullen was one of the leading American poets of his time and one of the lights of the Harlem Renaissance.
  21. Langston Hughes
    Hughes was an American novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist. He was one of the earliest innovators of the new literary art form jazz poetry.
  22. Marcus Garvey
    • Garvey was a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, Black Nationalist, and orator.
    • He is celebrated for being the national hero of Jamaica.
  23. Hugh Bennett
    • Hugh Bennett was a pioneer in the field of soil conservation in the United States of America.
    • He founded and headed the Soil Conservation Service, a federal agency now referred to as the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
  24. Dust Bowl
    • The Dust Bowl was the name given to the Great Plains region devastated by drought in 1930s depression-ridden America.
    • The 100 million acre area, encompassing the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles and neighboring sections of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico, has little rainfall, light soil, and high winds, a potentially destructive combination.
  25. Black Blizzard
    A local term for a violent dust storm on the south-central Great Plains that darkens the sky and casts a black cover over the land.
  26. Frank Crowe
    • The chief engineer of the Hoover Dam.
    • During that time, he was the superintendent of Six Companies, the construction company that oversaw the construction project.
  27. Hoover Dam
    Hoover Dam, once known as Boulder Dam, is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the US states of Arizona and Nevada.
  28. Lake Mead
    • Lake Mead is the 16th largest manmade lake in the world and one of the largest manmade lakes in the Western Hemisphere.
    • Formed by the Hoover Dam along the Colorado River, the National Park Service established Lake Mead as a national recreation area in 1964.
  29. Louis Armstrong
    • Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance.
    • With his instantly-recognizable gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer, demonstrating great dexterity as an improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song for expressive purposes.
    • He was also greatly skilled at scat singing (vocalizing using sounds and syllables instead of actual lyrics).
  30. Jazz
    • Jazz is a musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in black communities in the Southern United States.
    • It was born out of a mix of African and European music traditions.
  31. Safety Last
    • Safety Last! is a 1923 romantic comedy silent film starring Harold Lloyd.
    • It includes one of the most famous images from the silent film era: Lloyd clutching the hands of a large clock as he dangles from the outside of a skyscraper above moving traffic.
  32. Harold Lloyd
    • An American film actor and producer, most famous for his silent comedies.
    • Harold Lloyd ranks alongside Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton as one of the most popular and influential film comedians of the silent film era.
  33. K.D. Scruggs motto
    “Never complain and never explain.”
Card Set
7th Grade History - 1920's America
1920's America