Med terms quiz 4 spring

  1. Transabdominal
    Pertaining to across/through abdomen
  2. Gastroenterostomy
    Creation of opening between stomach and small intestine
  3. Sialolithotomy
    Incision in salivary duct or gland to remove stone (calculus)
  4. Glossorrhaphy
    Suture of tongue
  5. Hematemesis
    Vomiting blood
  6. Cheilostomatoplasty
    Surgical repair or reconstruction of lip and mouth
  7. Appendicitis
    Inflammation of appendix
  8. Ceilotomy
    Incision in abdomen
  9. Cholangiogram
    X-ray (record) of bile ducts (vessels)
  10. Colonoscopy
    Process of examining colon
  11. Anorectal
    Pertaining to anus and rectum
  12. Enterocolitis
    Inflammation of small intestine and colon
  13. Orolingual
    Pertaining to mouth and tongue
  14. Proctosigmoidoscopy
    Process of examining anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon
  15. Laparoscope
    Instrument for examining abdomen
  16. Dysphagia
    Condition of painful, difficulty, or faulty eating or swallowing
  17. Pancreatoduodenostomy
    Creation of opening between pancreas and duodenum
  18. Hernioplasty
    Surgical repair or reconstruction of hernia
  19. Biliary
    Pertaining to bile
  20. Gastroesophageal
    Pertaining to stomach and esophagus
  21. Choledochotomy
    Incision into common bile duct
  22. Steatorrhea
    Discharge of fat
  23. Dentalgia
    Tooth pain
  24. Pylorospasm
    Involuntary contraction of pylorus (gatekeeper)
  25. Hepatotoxic
    Pertaining to poisoning the liver
  26. Ileojejunitis
    Inflammation of the ileum and jejunum
  27. Peritoneocentesis
    Puncture of peritoneum or aspiration
  28. Buccogingival
    Pertaining to cheek and gum
  29. Cholecystectomy
    Excision/removal of bile and bladder or sac
  30. Perirectal
    Pertaining to around the rectum
  31. Hemicolectomy
    Removal of half of colon
  32. Cheilorrhaphy
    Suture of lip
  33. Cholelithotomy
    Incision for removal of gallstones
  34. Stomatoplasty
    Surgical repair of mouth
  35. Hyperbilirubinemia
    Excessive bilirubin in blood
  36. Gastric resection
    Partial removal and repair of stomach
  37. Diverticulosis
    Presence of diverticula (pouching)
  38. Lapar/o
  39. Gloss/o
  40. Enter/o
    Small intestine
  41. Dent/l
  42. Gastr/o
  43. Bucc/o
  44. Chol/e
  45. Stomat/o
  46. Hepat/o
  47. Phag/o
  48. Lith/o
  49. Proct/o
  50. Gastritis
    Inflammation of stomach
  51. Anorexia
    Loss of apetite, severe disturbance in eating behavior from abnormal perception of body weight
  52. Aphagia
    Inability to swallow
  53. Buccal
    In the cheek
  54. Flatulence
    Gas in stomach or intestine
  55. Hernia
    Rupture or protrusion of part from its normal location
  56. Melena
    Black tarry stool (due to old blood)
  57. Eructation
  58. Proctoscope or rectoscope
    Instrument to examine rectum
  59. Colitis
    Inflammation of large intestine
  60. Barium swallow
    Portion of upper GI series X-ray used to examine esophagus only
  61. Ascites
    Accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity
  62. Cholecystitis
    Inflammation of gallbladder
  63. Steatorrhea
    Feces containing fat
  64. Diveritculosis
    Presence of inflamed abnormal side pockets in GI tract
  65. Gastric ulcer
    Peptic ulcer in stomach
  66. Hepatomegaly
    Enlargement of liver
  67. Ankyloglossia
    Tongue-tie condition
  68. Inguinal regions
    Lower lateral groin regions
  69. Hypochondriac regions
    Upper lateral regions beneath ribs
  70. Epigastric regions
    Upper middle region below sternum
  71. Hypogastric regions
    Region below navel
  72. Lumbar regions
    Middle lateral regions
  73. Umbilical region
    Region of navel
  74. Right upper, Right lower, Left upper, Left lower quadrants
    4 Clinical Division of Abdomen
  75. Laxative
  76. Hernioplasty
  77. Appendectomy
  78. Barium enema
    Lower GI series
  79. Jaundice
  80. H.pylori bacterial infection
    Peptic ulcer disease
  81. Paracentesis
  82. Mumps
  83. Hypoglossal
  84. Barium swallow
    Upper GI series
  85. Colostomy
    Ulcerative colitis
  86. Cholelithotripsy
  87. Bariatric surgery
    Morbid obesity
  88. Anoscope or proctoscope
    Used to examine anus
  89. Colonoscope
    Used to examine colon
  90. Peritoneoscope
    Used to examine peritoneal cavity
  91. Esophagoscope
    Used to examine esophagus
  92. Incarcerated hernia
    Hernia that is swollen and fixed within a sac, causing obstruction
  93. Excisional biopsy
    Biopsy that involves removal of an entire growth
  94. Nasograstric tube
    NG tube
  95. Endoscope retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  96. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  97. Left upper quadrant
  98. Gastrointestinal
  99. Magnetic resonance imaging
  100. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  101. Hemtochezia
    Red blood in stool
  102. Icterus/icteric (jaundice)
    Yellow discoloration of skin, sclera, and other tissues from excessive bilirubin in blood
  103. Volvulus
    Twisting of bowel on itself, causing obstruction
  104. Cirrhosis
    Chronic disease marked by liver degeneration, usually from alcoholism or nutritional deficiency
  105. Glossectomy
    Excision of all or part of tongue
  106. Herniorrhaphy
    Repair of hernia
  107. Hemorrhoidectomy
    Excision or removal of hemorrhoid
  108. Antacid
    Drug that neutralizes stomach acid
  109. Antiemetic
    Drug that prevents or stops vomiting
  110. Cathartic
    Drug that causes bowel movement (laxative)
  111. Feces/fecal
    Refuse, solid waste formed in large intestine
  112. Ileum/ileal
    Lower portion of small intestine
  113. Endoscopy/endoscopic
    Instrument used to examine within body
  114. Hemorrhoid/hemorrhoidal
    Swollen, twisted vein (varicosity) in anal region
  115. Pancreas/pancreatic
    Located behind stomach in front of first and second lumbar vertebrae secreting insulin and glucagon
Card Set
Med terms quiz 4 spring
med terms gastrointestinal system ch 14