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"Tidine" (Ranitidine hcl) (zantac)
H2 receptor antagonist. Tx of PUD/Gerd
Supresses the secretion of gastric acid by selectively blocking h2 receptors in parietal cells lining the stomach.
While taking h2 receptor blockers such as ranitdine (zantac) what is important to tell the client?
The client should not use concurrently with NSAIDS and to inform the physcian if their stools appear black or and sticky because this could indicate a GI bleed.
H2 receptor antagonists (ranitidine, Cimetidine) are used in conjuction to tx ulcers caused by H. Pylori
PPI used for PUD/ Gerd. Inhibits gastric acid production.
PPI's (prazoles) and H2 receptor blockers (tidines) increase risk of what?
Pneumonia because by decreasing gastric ph, bacteria can gorw and resp tract. Use cautiously with Pnuemonia and COPD pts.
Mucosal Pretectant. Used for PUD and Gerd
What drugs interfere w/ the absorption of sucraflate?
What would tell a pt taking phenytoin for seizures and scraflate for Gerd?
allow two hours between taking the drugs because scraflate may interfere with the abosorption of phenytoin.
aluminum hydroxide (amphojel)
Antacids. used for PUD and GERD
MG hydroxide (milk of mg)
Aluminum hydroxide can result in what electrolyte imbalance?
What is important to teach pt's taking other medications w/ antacids
Take all meds @ least 1 hr before or after taking an antacid.
Prostaglandin E analog. Acts as a prostaglandin in GI tracts to decrease acid secretion. Helps prevent gastric ulcers.
Prostaglandin E analog such as Misoprostal (Cytotec) causes what besides decreased acid production?
Can cause induction of labor by causing cervicle ripening. Therefore this drug can be contraindicated in women.
NCLEX- PUD meds