Triage, acute trauma and emergency response final

  1. definition of triage
    A system where by casualties or other patients is sorted according to seriousness or their illness or injuries, and the likeliness they will live-so that the treatment prioritys can be allocated. In an emergency situation it is designed to max the number of survivors
  2. 3 main things to evaluate during the triage procedure:
    • 1.type and seriousness of the illness/injury
    • 2.age
    • 3.status
  3. what are the 10 main cls to think of when going through this process?
    • excessive bleeding (venous vs arterial )
    • loss of conciousness
    • eye problems
    • inability to stand or walk
    • dystocia
    • dehydration
    • seizures
    • bloated abdomen
    • dyspnea
    • straining or inability to urinate
  4. name 12 symptoms that can indicate emergency
    • large open wounds
    • excessive bleeding
    • loss of conciousness
    • eye problems
    • inability to walk or stand
    • abnormal birth
    • profuse vom/dia
    • seizures
    • burns
    • bloated abdomen
    • difficulty breathing
    • straining or inability to urinate
  5. name ten emergency situations
    • HBC
    • poisoning
    • convulsions
    • choking
    • heat stroke
    • difficulty giving birth
    • gastric dilation /volvulus
    • reaction to vx
    • cats straining to urinate
    • problems with newborns
  6. instructions if HBC
    given the dynamics of such a collision the animal will most certainly be injured and the owner should be advised to bring the animal in for a check
  7. instructions on poisoning
    should ask the name of the toxin if known, how long ago the pet may have swallowed some of it, depending on the distance the client lives from the clinic and the amount and type of toxin ingested the client may need to directly talk to the dr
  8. instructions on convulsions
    when a client indicates that this is the first time they have seen their pet doing this you would recomend they come straight in
  9. instructions on choking
    another situation where the dr may speak directly to the client, the pet may be experiencing a unusual sound and difficulty breathing if the pets gums and eyelids are turning blue this is a sign of crisis and should come straight in.
  10. instructions on heat stroke
    signs include bright red gums, panting and a frightened expression. the owner should be advised to immerse the pet in cool water to bring the temperature down before coming into the clinic, the dr should talk to the owner before coming in
  11. instructions for difficulty giving  (dystocia)
    if the mother has been straining without giving birth to the first newborn after 4 hours, or 2 hours between each newborn or the mother is vomiting and appears weak. the vet should speak directly to the client.
  12. instructions on gastric dilation/volvulus (bloat)
    abdominal pain, attempts to vomit, extreme restlessness, thick saliva.The dog should be seen immediately
  13. instructions for vaccine reaction
    any signs of illness within 24 hours after receiving a vx the animal should be brought to the attention of the dr immediately. any signs of difficulty breathing or vomiting should be brought in as soon as possible
  14. instructions on cats straining to urinate
    when client notices cat peeing outside of the litter box, frequent licking of genital area, frequent attempts of urinating and yowling sounds. they should be brought in immediately
  15. indications of problems with newborns
    • continuous crying
    • continuous restlessness
    • unable to find or take milk from the nipple
    • regurgitation or discharge from any orifice
    • neglect by mother of one or all newborns
    • no weight gain
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Triage, acute trauma and emergency response final
triage final acute trauma and emergency response