Health & Illness

  1. Define disease.
    Measurable pathological condition of the body.
  2. The feeling of not being normal and healthy is known as ______.
  3. True/False: Perceptions of disease are highly culture related while illness usually is not. If false, why?
    False. Illness is highly culture related.
  4. Medical Anthropology
  5. Define medical anthropology.
    The study of socio-cultural and biological dimensions of health and illness.
  6. 1. Illness and healing are ________ human experiences.
  7. 2. Disease is influenced by _______ specific behaviors and ______-_______ circumstances.
    culturally; socio-cultural
  8. 3. Body & symptoms are interpreted through our ______ filters.
  9. 4. Culture plays a key role in the acceptance and use of ____ ______.
    health care
  10. The beliefs, values, practices and knowledge enabling members to understand, diagnose, and treat health & illness are known as _____ ________.
    medical systems
  11. Biomedicine
  12. Biomedicine is the medical system in _____ societies.
  13. Ethnomedicine
  14. Define ethnomedicine.
    Culturally specific medical systems in non-Western societies.
  15. Ethnomedicine is also known as ______ medicine.
  16. In ethnomedicine, what are diseases caused by?
    An imbalance, lack of harmony between humans and/or environment and/or supernatural.
  17. Who acts as healers?
    Shamans and traditional healers.
  18. Shamans
  19. What are shamans?
    People who communicate with the spirit world and act as a mediator between humans and the spirit world.
  20. What do shamans do? (4 things)
    • Divine the future
    • Diagnose and treat diseases
    • Interpret causes of death
    • Ensure the fidelity of women
  21. Folk Illness
  22. What is a folk illness?
    Illness that is culturally specific, often only infecting a certain group of people in society.
  23. Folk illness is also known as ______-_____ syndrome.
  24. Susto
  25. What is susto?
    Fright; a sudden, unexpected event frightens a person, producing anxiety.
  26. Susto is most common in ____ and _____.
    women; children
  27. Symptoms include: (5 symptoms)
    • Loss of appetite
    • Apathy
    • Irritability
    • Weakness
    • Nausea or diarrhea
  28. Evil Eye
  29. Define evil eye.
    The state of a strong person drains the power and/or status of weaker persons.
  30. What do symptoms include? (4 symptoms)
    • Insomnia
    • Vomiting
    • Fever
    • Crying for no reason
  31. Nervios
  32. Define nervios.
    Attack of the nerves.
  33. What do symptoms include?
    • Convulsions, seizures, trembling
    • Depression
    • Screaming
    • Uncontrollable burst of anger
  34. "Hot and Cold Foods"
  35. What does this term refer to?
    Specific qualities attributed to certain types of food which affect the overall health of the person and are used to treat illnesses.
  36. Birth
  37. True/False: In all societies, birth is a cultural event, not just a biological one. If false, why?
  38. Traditionally, to what group have births been restricted to?
    Men and children.
  39. Birth in the United States
  40. It is seen as a _____ condition requiring the expertise of physicians.
  41. Traditional Birth Attendants
  42. What is the estimate of babies delived by TBAs?
Card Set
Health & Illness
Final Review