AP Euro Chapter 15 IDs

  1. The Consumer Revolution
    • 18th century Great Britain
    • Expanded the demand for goods that could be efficiently supplied
    • Customers were tempted by shop windows
    • Newspapers were thriving
    • Britain was also the single largest free-trade area in Europe. 
  2. The Ancien Regime
    • Before 1789 France
    • This term has come to be applied generally to the life and institutions of pre-revolutionary Europe. 
    • Economically, low food supply, predominance of agriculture, slow transport, low level of iron production, etc.
    • Men and Women living in this time saw themselves as individuals than of distict corporate bodies that possessed certain priveleges or rights. 
  3. The Agricultural Revolution
    • Old Regime, Western Europe
    • The rising grain prices gave landlords an opportunity to improve their incomes and lifestyle. 
    • To achieve those ends, landlords in Western Europe began a series of innovations in farm production that became known as this. 
    • Enclosures replaced the open-field method. 
  4. The Industrial Revolution
    • Second half of 18th Century Europe
    • That achievement of sustained economic growth is known as this. 
    • The most familiar side of this was the invention of new machinery, establishment of factories, and the creation of a new kind of workforce. 
    • New methods of textile production
  5. Charles "Turnip" Townsend
    • (1674-1738) Dutch
    • He learned from the Dutch how to cultivate sandy soil with fertilizers. 
    • He also instituted crop rotation, using wheat, turnips, barley, and clover. 
    • Increased fodder.
  6. Jethro Tull
    • (1674-1741) England
    • English landlords provided the most striking examples of 18th century agricultural improvement. 
    • Iron plows and drilling seeds. 
  7. The Family Economy
    • The household was the basic unit of production and consumption.
    • Depending on their ages and skills, everyone in the house hold worked.
    • All goods and income produced went to the benefit of the household.
  8. The Domestic System
    • 18th century Britain
    • Agents of urban textile merchants took wool or other unfinished fibers to the homes of peasants who spun it into thread. 
    • Was then picked up and sold.
  9. The Water Frame
    • 1769 Great Britain
    • Richard Arkwright's invention
    • Water-powered and designed to permit the production of a purely cotton fabric. 
  10. The Watt Steam Engine
    • 1769 Great Britain
    • James Watt perfected this.
    • This increased and regularized the available energy, but also made possible the combination of urbanization and industrialization.
    • Driven by burning coal.
    • First used for pumping water from mines.
  11. The Spinning Jenny
    • 1765 Great Britain
    • Helped increase the productivity of weavers, manufacturers and merchants offered prizes for the invention of a machine.
    • Initially this machine allowed more spindles of thread to be spun.
  12. The Flying Shuttle
    • 1733 Great Britain
    • Helped the productivity of weavers. 
Card Set
AP Euro Chapter 15 IDs