NCLEX- Angina meds

  1. Nitroglycerin
    Organic nitrate for angina. dialte veins and decreases venous return (pre-load), which decreases cardiac oxygen demand
  2. Isosorbide
    Organic nitrate used for angina.
  3. What are the usual side effects of taking nitrates?
    Headache, Orthostatic hypotension, reflext tachycardia and tolerance.
  4. Who is nitroglycerin contraindicated in?
    In clients with a traumatic brain injury.
  5. Dont use viagra with!?
  6. Ranolazine (Ranexa)
    Antianginal agent. Lowers cardiac oxygen emand and improves exercise tolerance and decreases pain.
  7. What ECG change can Ranolazine (ranexa ) cause?
    Prolonged QT interval.
  8. Who is Ranolazine contraindicated in?
    Clients who have a prolonged QT interval
  9. Nitrates can cause reflex tachycardia, What kind of medication would be given if this developed?
    A beta blocker such as metoprolol (lopressor)
  10. Having the patient have a nitrate free period during the day such as between night and morning will allow the patient to avoid what side effect of nitrates?
  11. What drug can increase levels of Ranolazine (Ranexa) and lead to torsades de pointes?
    Verapamil and Grapfuit juice
  12. concurrent use with Ranolazine (Ranexa) can increase serum levels of what two drugs?
    Digoxen and Simvastatin (Zocor)
Card Set
NCLEX- Angina meds
NCLEX- Angina meds