LAB Quiz 1 A&P BIOL 223

  1. anatomical position
    is a stance in which a person stands erect with the feet flat on the floor and close together, arms at the sides, and the palms and face directed forwardImage Upload 1
  2. The forearm in this picture is               .
    Image Upload 2
    supinated - the palm faces anteriorly
  3. The forearm in this picture is              .
    Image Upload 3
    pronated - the palm faces posteriorly.
  4. supine
    lying face up
  5. prone
    lying face down
  6. Three major anatomical planes are?
    • midsagittal
    • frontal
    • transverse
  7.              section of the pelvic region. Image Upload 4
    midsagittal or sagittal
  8.               section of the thoracic region. Image Upload 5
    Frontal
  9.               section of the head at the level of the eyes.
    Image Upload 6
    Transverse
  10. Ventral
    • Toward the front*(in humans only) or belly
    • ex. The aorta is ventral to the vertebral column.
  11. Dorsal
    • Toward the back or spine
    • ex. The vertebral column is dorsal to the aorta.
  12. Anterior
    • Toward the back or spine
    • ex. The vertebral column is dorsal to the aorta.
  13. Posterior
    • Toward the dorsal side*
    • ex. The esophagus is posterior to the trachea.
  14. Cephalic
    • Toward the head or superior end
    • ex. The cephalic end of the embryonic neural tube develops into the brain
  15. Rostral
    • Toward the forehead or nose
    • ex. The forebrain is rostral to the brainstem.
  16. Caudal
    • Toward the tail or inferior end
    • ex. The spinal cord is caudal to the brain.
  17. Superior
    • Above
    • ex. The heart is superior to the diaphragm.
  18. Inferior
    • Below
    • ex. The liver is inferior to the diaphragm.
  19. Medial
    • Toward the median plane
    • ex. The heart is medial to the lungs.
  20. Lateral
    • Away from the median plane
    • ex. The eyes are lateral to the nose.
  21. Proximal
    • Closer to the point of attachment or origin
    • ex. The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
  22. Distal
    • Farther from the point of attachment or origin
    • ex. The fingernails are at the distal ends of the fingers.
  23. Ipsilateral
    • On the same side of the body
    • ex. The liver is ipsilateral to the appendix.
  24. Contralateral
    • On opposite sides of the body
    • ex. The spleen is contralateral to the liver.
  25. Superficial
    • Closer to the body surface
    • ex. The skin is superficial to the muscles.
  26. Deep
    • Farther from the body surface
    • ex. The bones are deep to the muscles.
  27. What does the axial region consist of?
    • Head
    • Neck (cervical region)
    • Trunk
  28. The abdominal region is broken down into what four quadrants?
    • Image Upload 7
    • right upper quadrant (RUQ)
    • right lower quadrant (RLQ)
    • left upper quadrant (LUQ)
    • left lower quadrant (LLQ
  29. What are the nine regions of the abdomen?
    • Image Upload 8
    • Hypochondriac region (right, left)
    • Lumbar region (right, left)
    • Inguinal region (right, left)
    • Epigastric region
    • Umbilical region
    • Hypogastric region
  30. What does the appendicular region consist of?
    upper and lower limbs
  31. Image Upload 9
    • midsagittal
    • transverse
    • frontal
  32. Image Upload 10
    • Pleural
    • Thoracic
    • Pericardial
    • Diaphragm
    • Abdominopelvic
    • Anterior
    • Pelvic
  33. Image Upload 11
    • Medial
    • Superior
    • Posterior (dorsal) and Lateral
    • Proximal
  34. Image Upload 12
    • Deep
    • Anterior (ventral)
    • Lateral
    • Superficial
    • Distal
    • Inferior
  35. Image Upload 13
    • Contralateral
    • Ipsilateral
    • Axial
    • Appendicular
  36. Image Upload 14
    • Visceral
    • Parietal
  37. Image Upload 15
    • Brachial (anterior neck to shoulder)
    • Antecubital
    • Peroneal
    • Buccal
    • Acromial
    • Pectoral
    • Inguinal area
    • Popliteal  (posterior Knee)
  38. Image Upload 16
    • Epicastric
    • Umbilical
    • Pubic (hypogastric)
    • L. Hpochondriac
    • L. Lumbar
    • L. Iliac
  39. Image Upload 17
    • Dorsal
    • Ventral
    • Cranial
    • Vertebral(spinal)
    • Thoracic
    • Diaphragm
    • Abdominal
    • Pelvic
  40. Image Upload 18
    • Visceral Pericardium
    • Parietal Pericardium
  41. Image Upload 19
    • Parietal Pleura
    • Visceral Pleura
  42. Image Upload 20
    • Visceral Peritoneum
    • Parietal Peritoneum
    • Peritoneal Cavity
  43. The arm consists of what region?
    Brachial region
  44. The forearm consists of what region?
    Antebrachial
  45. The wrist includes what region?
    carpal region
  46. The hand includes what region?
    manual region
  47. The fingers consist of what region?
    digits
  48. The thigh consists of what region?
    femoral region
  49. The leg consists of what region?
    crural region
  50. The ankle consists of what region?
    tarsal region
  51. The foot consists of what region?
    pedal region
  52. The toes consist of what region?
    digits
  53. Segment
    a region between one joint and the next
  54. viscera
    internal organs
  55. Cranial cavity contains what viscera?
    brain
  56. Vertebral canal contains what viscera?
    spinal cord
  57. The thoracic cavity includes what two sub-cavities?
    • Pleural cavities
    • Pericardial cavity
  58. What viscera are in the pleural cavities? What is the membranous lining that covers them?
    • Lungs
    • Pleura
  59. What viscera is in the pericardial cavity?What is the membranous lining that covers it?
    • Heart
    • Pericardium
  60. What is the wall that divides the thoracic cavity?
    mediastinum
  61. What is the space called that separates the visceral and parietal pericardium?
    pericardial cavity
  62. What membrane forms the external surface of the lungs?
    visceral pleura
  63. What membrane lines the inside of the rib cage?
    parietal pleura
  64. What cavities are in the abdominopelvic cavity?
    • abdominal cavity
    • pelvic cavity
  65. What viscera are in the abdominal cavity?
    • digestive organs
    • spleen
    • kidneys
  66. What viscera are in the pelvic cavity?
    • bladder
    • rectum
    • reproductive organs
  67. What is the name of the membranous lining of the abdominopelvic cavity?
    peritoneum
  68. What viscera in the abdominal cavity have a retroperitoneal position?
    • kindeys
    • ureters
    • adrenal glands
    • most of the pancreas
    • aorta and vena cava abdominal portions
  69. What are the 11 organ systems?
    • Integumentary
    • Skeletal
    • Muscular
    • Nervous
    • Endocrine
    • Circulatory
    • Lymphatic
    • Respiratory
    • Urinary
    • Digestive
    • Reproductive
  70. What are the principal organs of the integumentary system?
    • skin
    • hair
    • nails
    • cutaneous glands
  71. What are the principal organs of the skeletal system?
    • bones
    • cartliage
    • ligaments
  72. What are the principal organs of the muscular system?
    • skeletal muscles
    • tendons
  73. What are the principal organs of the nervous system?
    • brain
    • spinal cord
    • nerves
    • ganglia
  74. What are the principal organs of the endocrine system?
    • pituitary gland
    • pineal gland
    • thyroid gland
    • parathyroid gland
    • thymus
    • adrenal glands
    • pancreas
    • testes
    • ovaries
  75. What are the principal organs of the circulatory system?
    • heart
    • blood vessels
  76. What are the principal organs of the lymphatic system?
    • lymph nodes
    • lymphatic vessels
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • tonsils
  77. What are the principal organs of the respiratory system?
    • nose
    • pharynx
    • trachea
    • bronchi
    • lungs
  78. What are the principal organs of the urinary system?
    • kidneys
    • ureters
    • urinary bladder
    • urethra
  79. What are the principal organs of the digestive system?
    • teeth
    • tongue
    • salivary glands
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small and large intestines
    • liver
    • gallbladder
    • pancreas
  80. What are the principal organs of the reproductive system? Male
    • Male
    • testes
    • epididymides
    • spermatic ducts
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • penis
  81. What are the principal organs of the reproductive system? Female
    • Ovaries
    • uterine tubes
    • uterus
    • vagina
    • mammary glands
  82. Which of the following is not an essential part of anatomical position?





    D) mouth closed
  83. A ring-shaped section of the small intestine would be a section.





    E) transverse
  84. The tarsal region is to the popliteal region.





    C) distal
  85. The greater omentum is to the small intestine.





    A) superficial
  86. A line passes through the sternum, umbilicus, and mons pubis.





    B) midsagittal
  87. The region is immediately medial to the coxal region.





    B) inguinal
  88. Which of the following regions is not part of the upper limb?





    E) plantar
  89. Which of these organs is within the peritoneal cavity?





    E) liver
  90. In which area do you think pain from the gallbladder would be felt?





    D) right upper quadrant
  91. Which organ system regulates blood volume, controls acid–base balance, and stimulates red blood cell production?





    D) urinary system
  92. The forearm is said to be __________ when the palms are facing forward.
    supinated
  93. The superficial layer of the pleura is called the __________ pleura
    parietal
  94. The right and left pleural cavities are separated by a thick wall called the __________.
    mediastinum
  95. The back of the neck is the __________ region.
    nuchal
  96. The manus is more commonly known as the __________ and the pes is more commonly known as the __________.
    • hand
    • foot
Author
alyknight
ID
197750
Card Set
LAB Quiz 1 A&P BIOL 223
Description
anatomy and physiology intro atlas A
Updated