Listening to the natural sounds made by the body, such as heart and lung sounds, is called ________________.
____________ is the study of structure and _________ is the study of function.
D) Anatomy; physiology
Histology is the study of ____________.
B) microscopic examination of tissue specimens
___________is considered the "father of medicine" as he and his followers
established a code of ethics for physicians that is still recited in modern form by many graduating medical students.
The Zodiac Man is an illustration from a 15th century medical manuscript that reflects the medical belief in the influence of __________ on parts of the body.
The________________ is a process of making numerous observations until one
feels confident in drawing generalizations and predictions from them.
A) inductive method
_______________ means change in the genetic composition of a population of organisms.
The theory that a large complex system such as the human body can be understood by studying its simpler components is called ____________.
An example of normal positive feedback that occurs in the body and is not life threatening or harmful is __________________.
A(n)______________ is a term coined from the names of people whereas a(n) ____________ is a word composed of the first letter or first few letters of a series of words.
D) eponym; acronym
Situs inversus and horseshoe kidney are examples of
A) anatomical variation.
A mass of similar cells that forms a discrete region of our body is a(n) ___________.
What part of a feedback loop processes information and determines an appropriate response?
If you become overheated, which of the following negative feedback mechanisms are used to lower your body temperature?
C) sweating and vasodilation of surface blood vessels
Development is a characteristic of life that involves___________.
The tendency for the bodies of living things to maintain more or less stable internal conditions is called
D) dynamic equilibrium.
If your blood pressure started to rise very rapidly, a set of activities that your body would undertake to reverse this potentially dangerous condition would probably begin. The processes that would restore stability are called, collectively,
This level of organization consists of groups
of similar looking cells with its surrounding material working together to
perform a function:
This is the smallest unit of an organism that carries out the basic function of life
This organ system removes waste products from the blood, regulates pH and water balance:
This organ system transports nutrients, waste products, gases and hormones throughout the body and regulates body
The muscular system functions to do this:
E) all of these
Essential characteristics of life do not include:
Responsiveness is the ability of an organism
to sense a change in its environment and react to it.
This characteristic of life involves the
passing down of genetic information by the formation of new cells or new
This process involves unspecialized cells
changing into cells with a specialized function:
The body’s ability to produce energy for
muscle contraction during exercise by the break down of glycogen into glucose
The body’s ability to maintain itself in a
steady state is known as this:
This component of a feedback loop senses
changes in the body:
This is an example of positive feedback:
D) Giving birth
Positive feedback creates a self-amplifying
change of events that leads away from the body’s normal ranges.
This statement about negative feedback is
A) all of these are true
This directional term describes the position
of the antebrachium compared to the brachium:
When cutting the small intestine, this kind
of section would produce an oval shaped piece:
This anatomical term refers to the point of
The pedal region refers to this body part:
The appendix is found in this abdominopelvic quadrant:
This body cavity contains the lungs:
This structure separates the ventral body
cavity into the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities:
A) pelvic brim
This organ is not retroperitoneal:
This serous membrane covers the surface of
B) visceral pericardium
The parietal peritoneum covers:
A) all of these
When a boy is standing on his head, his chin
is _______ to his mouth.
Structure that can be observed with the naked eye is called
C) gross anatomy
The word root homeo- means
The simplest structures considered to be alive are
Which of the following is not a human organ system?
means studying anatomy by touch.
The prefix hetero- means
Cutting and separating tissues to reveal structural relationships is called __________.
Physiological effects of a person's mental state are called __________ effects.
The tendency of the body to maintain stable internal conditions is called __________.
Blood pH averages 7.4 but fluctuates from 7.35 to 7.45. A pH of 7.4 can therefore be considered the __________ for this variable.
Self-corrective mechanisms in physiology are called __________ loops.
A/an __________ is the simplest body structure to be composed of two or more types of tissue.
Our hands are said to be __________ because they can encircle an object such as a branch or tool. The presence of an __________ thumb is
important to this ability.
cut - dissection
to stay - homeostasis
The technique for listening to the sounds of the heart valves is auscultation.
Abnormal skin color or dryness could be one piece of diagnostic information gained by auscultation.
Auscultation means listening to body sounds, not inspecting its appearance.
There are more organelles than cells in the body.
Negative feedback usually has a negative (harmful) effect on the body.
Negative feedback is a self-corrective process with a beneficial effect on the body.