CH 1 A & P BIOL 223

  1. Listening to the natural sounds made by the body, such as heart and lung sounds, is called ________________.

    D) auscultation
  2. ____________ is the study of structure and _________ is the study of function.

    D) Anatomy; physiology
  3. Histology is the study of ____________.

    B) microscopic examination of tissue specimens
  4. ___________is considered the "father of medicine" as he and his followers
    established a code of ethics for physicians that is still recited in modern form by many graduating medical students.

    A) Hypocrites
  5. The Zodiac Man is an illustration from a 15th century medical manuscript that reflects the medical belief in the influence of __________ on parts of the body.

    D) astrology
  6. The________________ is a process of making numerous observations until one
    feels confident in drawing generalizations and predictions from them.

    A) inductive method
  7. _______________ means change in the genetic composition of a population of organisms.

    A) Evolution
  8. The theory that a large complex system such as the human body can be understood by studying its simpler components is called ____________.

    C) reductionism
  9. An example of normal positive feedback that occurs in the body and is not life threatening or harmful is __________________.

    B) childbirth
  10. A(n)______________ is a term coined from the names of people whereas a(n) ____________ is a word composed of the first letter or first few letters of a series of words.

    D) eponym; acronym
  11. Situs inversus and horseshoe kidney are examples of

    A) anatomical variation.
  12. A mass of similar cells that forms a discrete region of our body is a(n) ___________.

    D) tissue
  13. What part of a feedback loop processes information and determines an appropriate response?

    B) integrator
  14. If you become overheated, which of the following negative feedback mechanisms are used to lower your body temperature?

    C) sweating and vasodilation of surface blood vessels
  15. Development is a characteristic of life that involves___________.

    A) differentiation
  16. The tendency for the bodies of living things to maintain more or less stable internal conditions is called

    D) dynamic equilibrium.
  17. If your blood pressure started to rise very rapidly, a set of activities that your body would undertake to reverse this potentially dangerous condition would probably begin. The processes that would restore stability are called, collectively,

    C) homeostasis.
  18. This level of organization consists of groups
    of similar looking cells with its surrounding material working together to
    perform a function:

    A) tissue
  19. This is the smallest unit of an organism that carries out the basic function of life

    A) cell
  20. This organ system removes waste products from the blood, regulates pH and water balance:

    A) urinary
  21. This organ system transports nutrients, waste products, gases and hormones throughout the body and regulates body

    D) cardiovascular
  22. The muscular system functions to do this:

    E) all of these
  23. Essential characteristics of life do not  include:

    D) respiration
  24. Responsiveness is the ability of an organism
    to sense a change in its environment and react to it.

  25. This characteristic of life involves the
    passing down of genetic information by the formation of new cells or new

    B) reproduction
  26. This process involves unspecialized cells
    changing into cells with a specialized function:

    A) differentiation
  27. The body’s ability to produce energy for
    muscle contraction during exercise by the break down of glycogen into glucose
    is this:

    B) metabolism
  28. The body’s ability to maintain itself in a
    steady state is known as this:

    A) homeostasis
  29. This component of a feedback loop senses
    changes in the body:

    B) receptor
  30. This is an example of positive feedback:

    D) Giving birth
  31. Positive feedback creates a self-amplifying
    change of events that leads away from the body’s normal ranges.

  32. This statement about negative feedback is

    A) all of these are true
  33. This directional term describes the position
    of the antebrachium compared to the brachium:

    A) distal
  34. When cutting the small intestine, this kind
    of section would produce an oval shaped piece:

    C) oblique
  35. This anatomical term refers to the point of
    the elbow:

    B) olecranon
  36. The pedal region refers to this body part:

    A) foot
  37. The appendix is found in this abdominopelvic quadrant:

    D) RLQ
  38. This body cavity contains the lungs:

    B) thoracic
  39. This structure separates the ventral body
    cavity into the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities:

    A) pelvic brim
    C) mediastinum
    C) diaphragm
    D) lungs
    C) diaphragm
  40. This organ is not retroperitoneal:

    D) spleen
  41. This serous membrane covers the surface of
    the heart:

    B) visceral pericardium
  42. The parietal peritoneum covers:

    A) all of these
  43. When a boy is standing on his head, his chin
    is _______ to his mouth.

    C) inferior
  44. Structure that can be observed with the naked eye is called

    C) gross anatomy
  45. The word root homeo- means

    B) same
  46. The simplest structures considered to be alive are

    A) cells
  47. Which of the following is not a human organ system?

    D) epithelial
  48.        means studying anatomy by touch.

    C) Palpation
  49. The prefix hetero- means

    B) different
  50. Cutting and separating tissues to reveal structural relationships is called __________.
  51. Physiological effects of a person's mental state are called __________ effects.
  52. The tendency of the body to maintain stable internal conditions is called __________.
  53. Blood pH averages 7.4 but fluctuates from 7.35 to 7.45. A pH of 7.4 can therefore be considered the __________ for this variable.
    set point
  54. Self-corrective mechanisms in physiology are called __________ loops.
    negative feedback
  55. A/an __________ is the simplest body structure to be composed of two or more types of tissue.
  56. Our hands are said to be __________ because they can encircle an object such as a branch or tool. The presence of an __________ thumb is
    important to this ability.
    prehensile, opposable
  57. auscult-
  58. dis-
  59. homeo-
    the same—homeostasis
  60. metabolo-
  61. palp-
  62. physio-
  63. -sect
    cut - dissection
  64. -stasis
    to stay - homeostasis
  65. stereo-
  66. tomo-
    to cut—tomography
  67. The technique for listening to the sounds of the heart valves is auscultation.

  68. Abnormal skin color or dryness could be one piece of diagnostic information gained by auscultation.

    • False
    • Auscultation means listening to body sounds, not inspecting its appearance.
  69. There are more organelles than cells in the body.

  70. Negative feedback usually has a negative (harmful) effect on the body.

    • False
    • Negative feedback is a self-corrective process with a beneficial effect on the body.
Card Set
CH 1 A & P BIOL 223
Chapter 1 questions