A&P Seeley 1.1

  1. Anatomy
    The study of the body's structures.
  2. Developmental Anatomy
    The study of structural changes from conception to adulthood.
  3. Embryology
    • The study of changes from conception to the eight week.
    • Most birth defects occur during the embryologic stage.
  4. Cytology
    Examines the structural features of cells.
  5. Histology
    Examins tissues, which are cells and the materials around them.
  6. Gross Anatomy
    The study of structures that can be examined without a mircroscope.
  7. Systemic Anatomy
    The study of the body system by system.
  8. Regional Anatomy
    The study of the body reagion by region.
  9. Surface Anatomy
    The study of the external form of the body and its relation to deeper structures.
  10. Anatomical Imaging
    • Uses technologies to create picture of internals structures.
    • Radiography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging,
  11. Physiology
    • The study of processes or functions of living things.
    • How body structures work.
  12. Cell Physiology
    Examines the processes of cells.
  13. Systematic Physiology
    The study of the organ systems.
  14. Neurophysiology
    The study of how the nervous system works.
  15. Cardiovascular Physiology
    The study of hoe the cardiovascular system works.
  16. Pathology
    • The study of diseases.
    • Emphasizes the cause and development of abnormal conditions and the structural and functional changes resulting from disease.
  17. Exercise Physiology
    Focuses on the changes in function and in structure caused by exercise.
  18. Six levels of organization
    • 1. Chemical level
    • 2. Cell level
    • 3. Tissue level
    • 4. Organ level
    • 5. Organ System level
    • 6. Organism level
  19. Chemical Level
    Consists of atoms and molecules.
  20. Cell Level
    Molecules form organelles, such as the nucleus and mitochondria, which make up cells.
  21. Tissue Level
    A group of similar cells and the materials surrounding them.
  22. Organ Level
    Composed of two or more tissue types that perform one or more common functions.
  23. Organ System Level
    A group of organs that perform a common function or set of functions.
  24. Organism Level
    • Any living thing considered as a whole.
    • May be composed of one cell or trillions.
  25. Organization
    How an organism’s parts interact and relate to each other.
  26. Metabolism
    The chemical relations in an organism.
Card Set
A&P Seeley 1.1
Anatomy & Physiology text, Seeley, Ch 1 The Human Organism, part 1/4