What is a frequently prescribed as an antidote for acetaminophen?
Acetylcysteine, a mucolytic
Opioid. Suppresses cough through its action on the CNS. Also used for non-productive cough.
Opioid. Also helps in upper respiratory disorders.
What is a side effect of Codeine?
GI distress (n,v,constipation). Instruct pts to take codeine w/ food.
Antitussives- non opioid. Found in many different products for cough such as Robitussin and others. Suppresses cough through its action on the CNS.
Antitussives. cough suppressant
anithistamine that can act as cough suppressant.
Expectorant. Promotes increased cough production through increasing mucous secretion. Decreases chest congestion.
What are some adverse effects of Mucinex?
GI upset, Drowsiness, dizziness, allergic reaction (rash)
what is a contraindication for Mucinex?
may not be recommended for children
what is some pt teaching that should be done with Mucinex?
Increase fluid intake when taking Mucinex to promote liquefying secretions
Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst, acetadote)
Mucolytic. Enhances the flow of secretions in the respiratory passages.
What is the antidote for acetaminophen poisoning?
Client should not use Mucomyst with ?
What type of IV solution can be used as a mucolytic (thins secretions) for upper resp disorders?
Decongestant. Sympathomimetic that stimulates alpha 1 (vasoconstriction) adrenergic receptors causing reduction in the inflammation of the nasal membranes.
Ephedrine, Naphazoline, Phenylpropanolamine are all what?
What are some side effects of decongestants?
Rebound congestion. Use no longer than 3 to 5 days.
Because decongestants such as phenylephrine cause vasoconstriciton, pt's with what should avoid using this drug?
HTN and CAD
Who are decongestants contraindicated in?
People who have chronic rhinitis
What is the difference between topical (nose drops) and decongestant pills?
Topical agents work faster. Oral agents do not cause rebound congestion.
Antihistamine. H1 antagonist.
Antihistamine action is on the h1 receptors which results in the blocking of histamine release in the small blood vessels, capillaries, and nerves during allergic reactions. Relives symptoms by suppressing mucous secretion.