cog mid 1

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  1. cognitive science
    study of cognition from multiple standpoints of psychology, linguistics, computer science, neuroscience.
  2. Cognition
    the collection of mental processes and activities used in perceiving,remembering, thinking, and understanding, and the act of using those processes
  3. ecological validity
    principle that research must resemble the situations and task demands characteristic of the real world, rather  than rely on artificial laboratory settings and tasks, so that results
  4. analytic approach
    the attempting to understand complex events by breaking them down into their component
  5. empiricism
    the philosophical position,originally from Aristotle, that advances observation and observation-derived data as the basis for all science
  6. tabula rasa
    Latin for “blank slate.” The termrefers to a standard assumption of behaviourists that learning and experience imprint a record on the“blank slate”; in other words, the assumption that learning, as opposed to innate factors, is the most important factor in determining behaviour.
  7. introspection
    Wundt and Titchenemethod of investigation where subjects look inside and describe own mental process and thoughts ; abandoned
  8. structualism

    Wundt and Titchener, the study of structural elements of the conscious mind (sensations, images, feelings)
  9. functionalism

    the movement in psychology,closely associated with James,in which the functions of various  mental and physical capacities were studied (contrast with structuralism)
  10. behaviourism
    • the movement or school of psychology in which the organism’s observable behaviour was the interest, and the learning of new
    • stimulus–response associations, whether by classical conditioning or by
    • reinforcement principles, was deemed the most important kind of
    • behaviour to study
  11. verbal learning

    • the branch of human experimental psychology, largely replaced
    • by cognitive psychology in the late1 950s and early 1 960s,
    • investigat-ing the learning and retention of“verbal”—that is,
    • language-based—stimuli; influenced directly by Ebbinghaus’s methods
    • and interests
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cog mid 1
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