Health concepts

  1.  What are the six major classes of nutrients found in food
    • Carbs
    • Fats(Lipids)
    • Protein
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Water
  2. What are essential nutrients
    Nutrients that your body cannot make and must be obtained from food, beverages and supplements
  3. What are the four macronutrients that your body needs
    • Carbs
    • Fat
    • Proteins
    • Water
  4. What two nutrients are considered micronutrients
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
  5. Another name for carbs fat and protein is
    Energy yielding nutrients
  6. How many calories per gram does carbs and protein provide
  7. How many calories per gram does fats provide
  8. Most digestion and absorption occur where
    The small intestines
  9. What is considered the body's universal energy source
  10. What are the two categories of carbs
    • Simple
    • Complex
  11. Describe simple carbs
    They are easily digested
  12. Another word for simple carbs are
    Simple sugars
  13. Name some simple carbs
    • Glucose
    • Fructose
    • Galactose
    • Maltose
    • Sucrose
    • Lactose
  14. Complex carbs are commonly called
  15. What part of the whole grain contain valuable vitamins and minerals
    Bran and germ
  16. Why are refined grains less nutritious
    Because they are stripped of their bran and germ only leaving the starchy endosperm
  17. What is the LDL
    • Low density lipoprotein
    • Unhealthy
  18. What is the HDL
    • High density lipoprotein
    • Healthy cholesterol
  19. Describe monounsaturated fats
    Increase the HDL
  20. Describe saturated fats
    • "Saturated with hydrogen"
    • Increase the LDL cholesterol
  21. What does hydrogenate mean
    To saturate with hydrogen
  22. Describe trans fat
    • Unsaturated fats that undergo hydrogenation
    • Not only raise the LDL cholesterol but lower the HDL as well
  23. What four vitamins are fat soluble
    Vitamin D E A K
  24. What are minerals
    Elements that originate in the earth
  25. What are the three types of bacteria responsible for the most foodborne illnesses
    • Campylobacter
    • Salmonella
    • E.coli
  26. What does RDA stand for
    Recommended Dietary allowances
  27. What does AI stand for
    Adequate intakes
  28. What does UL stand for
    Tolerable upper intake levels
  29. What does EAR stand for
    Estimated Average requirements
Card Set
Health concepts
Health concepts