Lifespan Development Test 1

  1. Development Is...
    • Multicontextual
    • Multicultural
    • Multidirectional
    • Multidisciplinary
    • Plastic
  2. Ecological Systems Approach
    • Microsystem: elements of immediate contact
    • Exosystem: broader institutions that still hold a high impact
    • Macrosystems: biggest systems, like government or legislation
    • Mesosystem: when these interact with one another  
  3. Cross Sequential Research
    taking different groups of people of different ages and following them over time
  4. Stages of Freudian Psychosexual Theory
    • Oral (0-1): exploration through mouth
    • Anal (1-3): potty training and control
    • Phallic (3-5): recognition and exploration of genitals
    • Latent (5-12): dormant stage
    • Genital (12+): seeking pleasure
  5. Freud's Three Aspects of Personality
    • Id: impulses that are innate and raw
    • Ego: filter of impulses
    • Superego: conscience 
  6. Trust v. Mistrust
    • (0-1.5)
    • Do we know someone will provide for our basic needs
  7. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
    • toddlers learn to have will and independence or are micromanaged and led to feel shameful
    • centered around potty training
  8. Intiative v. Guilt
    • 3-5
    • are toddlers comfortable taking initiative or do they always feel fearful of messing up
  9. Industry v. Inferiority
    do students feel competent like they are mastering skills or do they feel like they are behind the curve
  10. Identity v. Role confusion adolescence
    do we have a sense of our strenghts and direction in life or no
  11. Intimacy v Isolation
    • do we develop close relationships 
    • young adulthood
  12. Generativity v Stagnation
    are we contributing to society or not
  13. Integrity v Despair
    are we proud of our lives or not
  14. Watson
    • little albert
    • believe that if you can control the environment you can control the person
  15. BF Skinner
    Operant conditioning
  16. Bandura
    BOBO doll social learning theory
  17. Piaget
    • 0-2 sensorimotor
    • 2-6 Preoperational children can use language and think magically but can only see things from their perspective
    • 6-11 concrete operational: can think and apply logic but only can apply to experiences
    • 12+: formal operational, can reason abstractly and can see things from other POV
  18. Information Processing Approach
    • we process like computers 
    • complex things can be broken down and we can get better at the smaller steps over time
    • Neo-Piagetian
  19. Zone of Proximal Development
    teachers should teach things we are on the brink of understanding
  20. Carl Rogers
    • unconditional positive regard
    • hate sin and love the sinner
  21. Gregor Mendel
    • a combo of gene pairs is responsible for one trait
    • Pea
  22. PKU
    aminio acid can't be broken down in infants
  23. Down Syndrome
    • extra chromosome on the 21st pair 
    • common in old or young mothers
  24. Fragile X syndrome
    mental retardation
  25. Sickle-cell anemia
    missshaped red blood cells
  26. Tay Sachs Disease
    lack of enzyme that breaks down fatty acid
  27. Klinefelter's Syndrome
    XXY in males
  28. Three Types of Prenatal Growth
    • Growth: cells multiple and get larger
    • Morphogenesis: development of cells, cells move and interact
    • Differentiation: organ systems are developing 
  29. 3 Stages of Prenatal
    • Germinal: 0-14 days
    • Embryotic: 3-8 weeks
    • Fetal: 9-38 weeks
  30. Germinal Stage
    • begins in fallopian tube and ends with planting on uterine wall
    • placenta and ambillical cord begin to develop
  31. Embryonic
    • 3 levels
    • Ectoderm: outer layer like skin
    • Mesoderm: middle layer like muscles bone and lood
    • Endoderm: inner layer like digestive liver and respiratory 
  32. Fetal Stage
    • all body systems function
    • determine sex at 12 weeks
    • from one ounce to 7.5 lbs
  33. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    low birthweight, wide set eyes, flat forehead, slow growth physically and learning disabilities
  34. Teratogens
    environmental factors negatively affecting fetus
  35. Stages of Labor
    • 1: 16-24 hours, contractions, end when cervix is fully open
    • 2: 90 minutes, can see head and baby is delivered
    • 3: excretion of bodily fluids
  36. Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale
    tests responsiveness in newborns
  37. Marasmus
    cessation of growth due to malnutrition in first year
  38. Nonorganic failure to thrive
    cessation of growth due to lack of stimulation
  39. Motor Development
    • walking in 10-16 months
    • crawling is good for brain development
  40. Sight in Infants
    • sight is caught up by 6 months
    • can see things best 8-10" away
    • prefer complex things 
  41. Hearing
    can hear before born and amniotic fluid is not fully drained at birth
  42. Substages of Sensorimotor
    • 1: reflexes are center of cognitive life
    • 2: coordinate actions into single integrated actions
    • 3: begin to act on outside world
    • 4: calculated approaches and object permanence
    • 5: trial and error, defferred imitation
    • 6: imagine where objects might be that they cannot see
  43. Holophrase
    single word communicating a lot of thought
  44. Social Pragmatic theory
    infants are social beings and therefore try to communicate in any way possible
  45. Nativist Approach
    • innate mechanism LAD directs language development
    • noam chomsky 
  46. Stranger Anxiety
    starts at 6 peaks 12-15
  47. Separation Anxiety
    starts at 8 peaks at 12
  48. Jerome Kagan
    Genetic influence on temperament initially but parents can definitely change them
  49. Thomas and Chess
    • goodness of fit
    • labeled infants temperament and concluded that infants who have matched temperaments with parenting style are best
  50. Tronick's Dance
    Dyadic Synchrony: coordinated exchange between infant and caregiver
  51. John Bowlby 
    • Attachment Theory
    • INTERNAL WORKING MODEL: our sense of worth is found in patterns of previous interaction
  52. Mary Ainsworth
    • Strange Situation
    • Secure: runs to mom
    • Ambivalent: runs to mom then backs off
    • Avoidant: ignores mom 
Card Set
Lifespan Development Test 1
test 1 january 31