Nature vs. Nurture
What is Nature vs. Nurture?
The controversy over the relative contribution of biology and experience.
What scientific view made by Charles Darwin supported the nature view?
Charles Darwin's Natural Selection Theory
In contemporary science the nature-nurture issue tension dissolves into...
nurture works what nature endows
Give an example of nature works what nature endows.
Depression can be both a brain disorder and a thought disorder.
What kind of people are ideal for nature-nurture experiments?
Those who adopt an extreme heredity position are known as...
What do nativists believe?
Their basic assumption is that the characteristics of the human species as a whole are a product of evolution and that individual differences are due to each person’s unique genetic code.
What do empiricists believe in?
Their basic assumption is that at birth the human mind is a tabula rasa (a blank slate) and that this is gradually “filled” as a result of experience (e.g. behaviorism).
What is Humanism?
the perspective that emphasizes the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth
Where does Humanism stand on the debate?
Maslow empathized basic physical needs. Society influences a person's self concept. It is near nurture.
how the unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior
Where does psychoanalysis stand on the debate?
The innate drives of sex and aggression (nature). The social upbringing during childhood(nurture)
What is cognitive psychology?
the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
Where does cognitive psychology stand on the debate?
Innate mental structures such as schemas, perception and memory and constantly changed by the environment.
the scientific study of physical, cognitive and social change throughout the life span.
What is the developmental view on the debate?
The environment switches genes on or off. Theses two things must be looked at together. There are genetic inclinations.
the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principle of natural selection
What is the evolutionary view on the debate?
largely focuses on nature.
Nature vs. Nurture
study for psych