1946-The concept of the Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological fighting and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. On either side of the Iron Curtain, states developed their own international economic and military alliances.
Truman Doctrine announced
1947-miliary and financial aid. U.S. gave aid to all free peoples resisting communism. Took steps to prevent it from spreading further, not to take it away from where it already was.
1948-The Allies decided to take the unprecedented step of supplying West
Berlin from the air, flying cargo to its three airfields, Tegel, Gatow,
Creation of Israel
1948-On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly voted 33 to
13, with 10 abstentions, in favor of a Partition Plan that created the
State of Israel.
Creation of NATO
1949-North Atlantic Treaty Organization. set up to protect western Europe from communist agression w/ nuclear weapons.
Russian explodes A-bomb
China becomes communist
1950-North Communist, South non-communist. North korea invaded south korea. moot war. demilitarized zone between.
Creation of Warsaw Pact
1955-soviet union's answer. soviet union would protect eastern europe with its nuclear weapons.
Sputnik orbits earth
1957-soviet satellite launced into space
Cuba becomes communist
The Bay of Pigs
1961-cuban exiles trained by CIA attempt to overthrow Castro. No support from president Kennedy.
Berlin Wall constructed
1961-khrushchev built a wall to seal off East Berlin to keep East Germans from fleeing to the west.
Cuban Missle Crisis
1962-Cuba's secret build up of nuclear warheads led to U.S. blocking Cuba and threatened invasion withdrew missile in exchange for no invasion.
1964-North and South Vietnam. country was reunited under communist rule
America lands man on moon
invasion of czechloslovakia
Soviet War with Afghanistan
1979-Soviet support of pro-soviet gov't against Muslim Rebels.
Iran Iraq War
Lech Walesa leads Solidarity party
1980-a plish independent trade union
Gorbachev becomes leader of Soviet Union
Berlin Wall knocked down
Reunification of Germany
Soviet Union Collapses
safety. political asylum
U.S. and U.S.S.R. strongest and wealthiest countries
tension created from the superpowers. antithesis of eachother in the way their countries were governed.
man-made spacevehicles that stay in space, serving any functions. changed the way war was conducted.
american policy of not to overthrow existing communist countries, but to prevent communism from spreading further. Truman Docterine
financial aid given to the Western European countries to help build war torn economies.
those not involved in either.
1957 space exploration "race" between the Soviet Union and the U.S.
belief that i there was a communist victory in South Vietnam that it would cause noncommunist gov'ts across s.e. asia to fall into communism.
north vietnemese communists
1968 unexpected attack on U.S. and South Vietnemes marked a turniing point in public opinion on U.S.
military takeover of gov't
a greater "openness" to Soviet society restrictions on speech and press lifted, dissidents released, restrictions on travel and emigration lifted.
restructuring away from central planning toward individual initiative and freer markets.
attempt to ease tensions
creation of common market in Europe to eliminate custom duties, unify currencies, increase free trade
European Economic community in 1951 cooperation among western europe helped to accelerate aeconomic growth , shared resources.
industry that provides a service, not a product
system in which the government takes responsibility fro its citizens' social and economic needs
someone who speaks out against the government
35th president of the USA from 61-63, during cuban missle crisis, bay of pigs, civil rights, assasinated
president 63-69. became pres after JFK was murdered. the architect of "The Great Society" social programs to reduce poverty and improve living conditions among the poor
pres 69-74. resigned from office amidst the Watergate Scandle 1973 negotiated to end american involvement in the VietnamWar
soviet leader after Stalin's death. Berlin wall
Soviet Union Leader
polish dissident founder of Soliderity, a trade union
leader of Cambodia. aka khmar rouge leader
guerilla fighter overthrew cuba's dictatorship
after breakup of S.U., he became pres. of Russia
Ho Chi Minh
popular nationalist leader who created a communist state in North Vietnam
French General, set up 5th Republic and became pres. of France