Musculoskeletal System

  1. abduction
    movement of the extremities away from the body
  2. adduction
    movement of the extremities toward the body
  3. ankylosing spondylitis
    • a hereditary chronic inflammatory disease
    • initially affecting the lumbar spin and sacroiliac joints
  4. bursitis
    inflammation of the bursa
  5. carpal tunnel syndrome
    compression of the median nerve at the wrist
  6. claw toe
    hyperextension of the metatarsophalangeal joint with flexion of the toe's proximal and distal joint
  7. clubfoot
    a fixed congenital defect of the ankle and foot
  8. crepitus
    crackling sound heard in the patient's joint with movement
  9. dislocation
    complete separation of the contact between two bones in a joint
  10. dupuytren contracture
    a disorder characterized by abnormal thickening and shortening of the palmar tissue, resulting in flexion of the fingers into the palm
  11. eversion
    movement of the sole of the foot outward of the ankle
  12. fracture
    a partial or complete break in the continuity of a bone
  13. fibromyalgia
    a painful nonarticular condition that leads to diffuse musculoskeletal discomfort
  14. gibbus
    a sharp angular deformity associated with a collapsed vertebra caused by osteoporosis
  15. goniometer
    a calibrated device designed to mesure the arc or range of motion of a joint
  16. gout
    • a form of arthritis
    • a disorder of purine metabolism that results from elevated serum uric acid level
  17. Gower sign
    a sign that indicates generalized muscle weakness in children
  18. hallux valgus
    a deformity marked by lateral deviation of the great toe with overlapping of the second one
  19. inversion
    movement of the sole of the foot inward at the ankle
  20. kyphosis
    outward curvature of the thoracic spine
  21. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
    avascular necrosis of the femoral head
  22. Lordosis
    concave curvature of the lumbar spine
  23. lumbar stenosis
    a narrowing of the spinal canal caused by hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum and facet joints
  24. lumbrosacral radiculopathy
    herniation of a lumbar disk that irritates the corresponding nerve root
  25. lyme disease
    a tick-borne disease that can lead to multisystemic infection
  26. mallet toe
    a flexion deformity at the distal interphalangeal joint of the foot
  27. metatarsus adductus
    • the most common congenital foot deformity, marked by the middle bones of the foot pointing in toward the body
    • can be either fixed or flexible
  28. muscular dystrophy
    a genetic disorder involving gradual degeneration of the muscle fibers
  29. muscle strain
    excessive stretching or forceful contraction of a muscle beyond its functional capacity
  30. ossgood-schlatter disease
    • painful swelling of the knee caused by apophyseal traction of the anterior aspect of the tibial tubercle
    • common overuse injury to the adolescents
  31. osteoarthritis
    deterioration of the articular cartilage covering the ends of bone in the synovial joints
  32. osteomyelitis
    inflammation of the bone due to infection
  33. osteoporosis
    decrease in bone mass that occurs when bone resorption is more rapid than bone deposition
  34. paget disease
    a focal metabolic disorder of the bone
  35. pes cavus
    condition marked by a hgih arch on the sole of the foot
  36. pes planus
    • condition marked by a collapsed arch of the foot
    • commonly called "flat foot" or "fallen arches"
  37. polydactyly
    presence of more than five digits on the hand or foot
  38. pronation
    position of the forearm so that the palm faces down
  39. radial head subluxation
    dislocation injury of the elbow
  40. rheumatoid arthritis
    a chronic systemic inflammatory disorder of the synovial tissue surrounding the joint
  41. rotator cuff tear
    • microtrauma and tearing of the rotator cuff muscles
    • ¬†most often with suprasinatus¬†
  42. scoliosis
    a condition marked by an abnormal curvature of the spine
  43. simian
    • referring to a single crease extending across the entire palm
    • associated with down syndrome¬†
  44. slipped capital femoral epiphysis
    separation of the ball of the hip joint from the neck of the femur
  45. supination
    position of the forearm so that the palm faces upward
  46. syndactyly
    congenital fusion of the digits of the hand or foot
  47. temporomandibular joint syndrome
    a condition characterized by painful jaw movement
  48. tenosynovitis
    inflammation of the synovium-lined sheath around a tendon
Card Set
Musculoskeletal System
H.A. test 2