Liberals won the election.....?
Old Liberalism - Laissez-Faire approach
Winston Churchill and Lloyd George believed in
Intro - historians argument?
Historian Cross argues that
it was a great time for social legistlation
and Liberals successful in creating Welfare State
Provisions of School Meals Act passed in
Why was the Provisions of School Meals Act unsuccessful
30 years later, over half authorities not providing service
Liberals had acknowledged but not enforced a solution
Medical Inspections compulsory in
Medical Inspections unsuccessful as...
No provision for treatment
Did not help older kids or adults
Cost rather than health prime concern
Childrens Charter passed in
Successes of Childrens Charter
no children homeless
banned kids under 16 smoking, drinking, begging
Childrens Charter unsuccesful as
difficult to enforce
took time to put into place
When was the Old Age Pensions Act passed
Pensions were...? (three points)
Those aged over 70
1 - 5 shillings a week
depending on income
The 1908 Old Age Pensions Act helped...
970,000 claimants by 1914
Unsuccessful Old Age Pensions Act - 3 points
benefits too low
Rowntree's study - need 7 shillings
Nowhere near meeting basic needs
Few lived to 70th bday
National Insurance Act passed in
How did the National Insurance act help the sic k
covered a health insurance scheme
poor could not afford medical help
sick - What was the sick pay benefit?
benefit from an outlay of
Applied to worker 16-60
How long was the sickness benefit paid?
10 shillings paid for 13 weeks
reduced to 5 shillings for next 13 weeks
Benefit too short a time to support chronic illness
Unsuccess of sick pay benefit?
paid to only working member
A proper policy to eliminate poverty should address the whole family
National Insurance covered unemployed in some industries...
How much were the unemployed paid in benefit?
7 shillings for 15 weeks
Size and scale to small to have effect
New enviroment of labour exchanges made it possible to..
find a job in 15 weeks
Neverless, despire labour exhanges, work still hard to find
Last disadvantage of National Insurance Act unemployed
Contributions were keyed that the level on unemployment would not rise above 5%
not the case after WW1
Successes of the Employed
1908 Miners Act - 8 hour working day
1909 Trades Boards Acr - minimum wages in sweated trades