Mod D Unit 1

  1. Aneurysm
    Localized dialtion of an artery caused by a congenital or acquired weakness in the wall of a vessel.
  2. Angina Pectoris
    Chest pain often accompanied by SOB and relieved by rest.
  3. Angioplasty
    Surgical repair of a vessel.
  4. Arteri/o
    Arteriole. Vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
  5. Arteriosclerosis
    Disease in which the arterial walls become thickened and lose their elasticity without the presence of atheromas.
  6. Atherosclerosis
    Disease in which medium and large arteries have atheromas which can reduce or obstruct blood flow. A form of arteriosclerosis.
  7. Atri/o
    Atrium. Upper chamber of the heart.
  8. Bradychardia
    Slow heartbeat with ventricular contractions less than 60 bpm
  9. Bruit
    Abnormal sound heard when auscultating an artery. Usually a blowing or swishing sound, higher pitched than a murmor.
  10. CAD
    Coronary Artery Disease. Accumulation of hardening plaque in the coronary arteries that eventually leads to angina.
  11. Cardiac Catheterization
    Threading of a cathetar into the heart to collect diagnostic information about the structures in the heart, coronary arteries, and great vessels.
  12. Cardi/o
  13. Cardiomegaly
    Enlargement of the heart.
  14. CHF
    Congestive Heart Failure. Inability of the heart muscle to pump blood efficiently so that it becomes overloaded.
  15. Claudication
    Cramplike pains in the calves caused by poor circulation in the leg muscles.
  16. Cyanosis
    Lack of oxygen in blood, seen as a bluish or grayish discoloration of skin, nail beds, and or lips.
  17. Diaphoresis
    Profuse sweat.
  18. Diastole
    Relaxation phase of the heart.
  19. Electrocardiography
    ECG. Process of graphing/recording the electrical activity of the heart muscle.
  20. Esophag/o
  21. MI
    Myocardial Infarction. Cardiac tissue death that occurs when the coronary arteries are occluded (blocked) by an atheroma (mass of fat/lipids)
  22. Murmur
    Abnormal heart sound heard which may be described as gentle blowing, fluttering, or a humming sound.
  23. Pallor
    Paleness of skin and or mucous membranes.
  24. Palpitation
    Pounding, skipping, or racing of the heart, such that the pt is aware of their heartbeat.
  25. Peripheral Arterial Occlusion
    Blockage of blood flow to the extremities.
  26. Peripheral Vascular Disorder
    Any vascular disorder limited to the extremeties; may affect not only the arteries and veins, but also the lymphatics.
  27. PET
    Positron Emission Tomography. Computerized nuclear medicine procedure that uses inhaled or injected radioactive substances to help identify how muc ha pt will benefit from revascularization procedures.
  28. Phleb/o
  29. Sept/o
    Septum. Wall between the chambers
  30. SOB
    Shortness of breath
  31. Systole
    Contraction phase of the heart.
  32. Tachycardia
    Rapid heartbeat, more than 100 bpm
  33. Thrill
    Fine vibration felt by the examiner or palpation.
  34. Thromb/o
    Clotting, clot
  35. Thrombophlebitis
    Inflammation of either deep veins or superficial veins with the formation of one or more clots.
  36. Valvul/o
  37. Varic/o
    Dilated vein.
  38. Varicose Veins
    Elongated, dilated superficial veins with imcompetent valves that permit reverse blood flow.
  39. Vascul/o
  40. Ventricul/o
    Ventricle. Lower chamber of the heart.
Card Set
Mod D Unit 1