SS Chapter 16

  1. What state was first to leave the union on December 20, 1860?
    South Carolina
  2. How did the United States acquired California?
    California became part of the US in 1850 as part of the "Compromise of 1850".The US had a war with Mexico. The US Army defeated the Mexican Army in several engagements and entered the capital, Mexico City. The USA got California in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  3. What act was passed by Congress and in 1854?
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
  4. Explain the Underground Railroad?
    The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause.[2] The term is also applied to the abolitionists, both black and white, free and enslaved, who aided the fugitives.
  5. Explain Bleeding Kansas-1856?
    • Bleeding Kansas was a term coined to describe the violent civil disturbances in the US territory of Kansas from 1854 to 1858. The violence was provoked by the Kansas-Nebraska Act, a piece of legislation passed in the US Congress in 1854.
    • Violent outbreaks continued until 1858, and it is estimated that approximately 200 people were killed in what essentially a minor civil war (and a precursor to the American Civil War).
  6. The split that helped elect Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860?
    The split in the Democratic Party. The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners.  In 1860, these issues broke the Democratic Party into Northern and Southern factions, and a new Constitutional Union Party appeared.
  7. Compare the idea of "popular sovereignty" with that of "states' rights."
    States' rights is a political philosophy that emphasizes the rights of               individual states to fight what proponents believe to be the encroaching power of the               United States government.

    Popular sovereignty or the sovereignty of the people is the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, who are the source of all political power. Popular sovereignty expresses a concept and does not necessarily reflect or describe a political reality.
  8. Explain why the "Dred Scott" decision was important?
    • In March of 1857, Scott lost the decision as seven out of nine Justices on the Supreme Court declared no slave or descendant of a slave could be a U.S. citizen, or ever had been a U.S. citizen.
    • The decision upset the balance between free and slave sates, and led to fears that slavery would be extended to free states.
  9. What was the role of John Breckenridge, Abraham Lincoln, John Crittenden, the Democratic Party, and the Republican Party prior to the Civil War?
    Split into separate parties during the Election of 1860.  Northern Democrat, Breckenridge - Southern Democrat, Lincoln - Republican, Crittenden was Constitutional Union candidate.
  10. Who was the first president of the Confederacy?
    Jefferson Davis
  11. Which act repealed the Missouri Compromise?
    The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 (10 Stat. 277) created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.
  12. What is popular sovereignty?
    People are allowed to decide.
  13. Explain the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
    The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 (10 Stat. 277) created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.
  14. Who was John Bell (1860)?
    In 1860, he ran for president as the candidate for the Constitutional Union Party, a third party which took a neutral stance on the issue of slavery.
  15. Which states were free states?
    Oregon California Kansas Michigan Wisconsin Indiana Illinois Ohio West Virginia New York Pennsylvania Maine Vermont New Jersey Massachusetts Minnesota Connecticut Iowa New Hampshire
  16. Which states were slave states
    Texas Louisiana Arkansas Mississippi Alabama Florida Georgia South Carolina North Carolina Virginia Tennessee
  17. Who was John Tyler?
    1st President to succeed into office. However, the only legacy that lasts until today is his establishing the precedent that presidents who enter office upon the deaths of their predecessors are both legitimate and unbound by their predecessor's policies.
  18. Which president died while serving as president prior to the Civil War?
    William Henry Harrison
  19. Who signed Florida's statehood into law?
    President John Tyler signed the bill making Florida a state on March 3, 1845 making Florida the 27th State to be admitted into Union
  20. Who sued the government for his freedom?
    Dred Scott
  21. Which southerner was disturbed by the idea of the session?

    B) Robert E. Lee
  22. Stephen Douglas' approach to slavery was known as free soil, the Missouri Compromise or popular sovereignty?
    popular sovereignity
  23. Define a martyr?
    is somebody who suffers persecution and death for refusing to renounce, or accept, a belief or cause, usually religious.
  24. What law called for imprisonments or fines for anyone who helped the fugitive enslaved a person?
    The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 also outlawed the abetting of fugitive slaves.
  25. What is the Wilmot Proviso?
    The Wilmot Proviso was created in 1846 in an attempt to prevent legalized slavery in any U.S. territories gained from Mexico following the Mexican War.
  26. Who is John Crittenden?
    The Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful proposal introduced by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden on December 18, 1860.  Was a Constitutional Union party candidate.
  27. What was the compromise of 1850?
    The Compromise of 1850 was a series of five bills that were intended to stave off sectional strife. Its goal was to deal with the spread of slavery to territories in order to keep northern and southern interests in balance.

    California was entered as a free state. New Mexico and Utah were each allowed to use popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery. In other words, the people would pick whether the states would be free or slave. The Republic of Texas gave up lands that it claimed in present day New Mexico and received $10 million to pay its debt to Mexico. The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia.The Fugitive Slave Act made any federal official who did not arrest a runaway slave liable to pay a fine. This was the most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850 and caused many abolitionists to increase their efforts against slavery.
Card Set
SS Chapter 16
SS Chapter 16