English literary terms-mid-term review

  1. antagonist
    the opponent who struggles against the hero
  2. direct characterization
    when the writer tells us directly what a character's personality is like
  3. dramatic irony
    when a character in a play/story thinks one thing is true but the audience/reader knows better
  4. indirect characterization
    a writer reveals a character by description/dialogue/thoughts/effects of other people or showing the character in action
  5. protagonist 
    the main character in the story who initiates action
  6. allegory
    a story/poem in which characters/settings and events symbolize other people or events/ideas or qualities 
  7. alliteration
    the repetition of the same consonant sounds in words that are close together
  8. apostrophe 
    a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object/idea or a person who is either dead or absent
  9. assonance
    the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together 
  10. autobiography
    an account of the writer's own life
  11. biography
    an account of someone's life written by someone else
  12. consonance
    the repetition of the same consonant sounds in accented syllables and important words
  13. enjabment
    a thought in a line of poetry that extends into the next line   
  14. internal rhyme
    a rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry or within the following lines
  15. romance
    a story in which an idealized hero/heroine undertakes a quest and is successful
  16. romanticism
    a revolt against rationalism that affecter literature and the other arts
  17. transcendentalism
    a 19th century movement in the romantic tradition, which held that every individual can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition which transcends(goes beyond) reason and sensory experience
  18. archetype 
    an original model or pattern from which other copies were made especially a character/action or situation that seems to represent common patterns of human life 
  19. connotation
    the association and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word of phrase, in addition to its dictionary definition
  20. dialect
    a way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain social group or of the inhabitants of a certain geographical area
  21. diction
    a speaker/writer's choice of words
  22. elegy
    a poem of mourning, usually a poem about someone who has died
  23. irony
    a discrepancy between appearances and reality
  24. verbal irony
    someone says one thing but really means something else
  25. situational irony
    a discrepancy between what is expected to happen or what would appropriate to happen and what really does happen 
  26. plot
    the series of related events in a story/ play sometimes called a story line 
  27. exposition
    tells us who characters are and introduces their conflict 
  28. first person 
    one of the characters tells the story 
  29. third person limited
    unknown narrator tells the story but it zooms in on one characters thoughts/feelings 
  30. omniscient
    "all knowing" narrator tells the story often tells us everything about many characters (motives/weaknesses/futures etc) 
  31. objective
    narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story with no comment on any character or event 
  32. satire
    a type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings or institutions in an attempt to bring about a change
  33. vernacular
    the language spoken by the people who lives in a particular locality
  34. confessional poetry
    autobiographical, personal poetry often containing a taboo subject matter
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English literary terms-mid-term review
literary terms