Cell Signaling

  1. Agonist
    A chemical that binds to a receptor which consequently triggers a response.
  2. Anesthetics
    A compound that causes a reversible loss of sensation.
  3. Analgesics
    Pain killers that relieve pain without altering sensation.
  4. Antagonist
    A chemical that binds to a receptor but does not trigger a biological response.
  5. Cytoplasmic Domain
    A segment of a transmembrane protein that extends into the cytoplasm. This segment is often important for translating the extracellular signal into an intracellular message.
  6. Dimer
    A chemical structure formed from two sub-units.
  7. Glutamate
    An amino acid and neurotransmitter commonly found in the CNS.
  8. Kinase
    A type of enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from high energy donor molecules, like ATP, to specific substrates.
  9. Neurotransmitter
    Endogenous chemical that transmits signals from a neuron to a target cell. Neurotransmitters are ligands of neurotransmitter receptor.
  10. Venoms
    A cocktail of toxins that an animal injects into its victim.
Card Set
Cell Signaling
Cell signaling vocabulary