A&P Final Review: Muscular Nomenclature & Kinesiology

  1. The cytoplasm of a muscle cell is the ___.

    E. Sarcoplasm
  2. ___  can be referred to as the “thick Filament”.

    D. Myosin
  3. A ___ contains repeating patterns of actin and myosin, which forms the characteristic striated appearance of skeletal muscle.

    D. Sarcomere
  4. The ___ is a muscle cell’s plasma membrane.

    D. Sarcolemma
  5. The ___ activity transport and stores calcium ions in a muscle fiber.

    D. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
  6. ___ can be referred to as a “thin filament”.

    E. Actin
  7. True or False
    Smooth muscle and cardiac muscle are under voluntary control
  8. True or False
    Calcium ions bind to tropomyosin
  9. True or False
    Myosin tails form cross bridges with actin
  10. True or False
    Muscle myofibrils contain actin and myosin
  11. True or False
    Z bands are the end of sarcomeres
  12. True or False
    A musculotendinous junction is the meaty part of the muscle
  13. True or False
    The Prime Mover is the muscle that does most of the action
  14. True or False
    Circular shaped muscles form the sphincter muscle arounds orifices
  15. True or False
    1st degree sprains are easily palpated
  16. Rigor mortis occurs after death because

    A. cross-bridges form can’t release
  17. ATP is required

    D. All of the above
  18. Synaptic vesicles of motor neurons contain ___ to stimulate a muscle fiber

    C. Acetylcholine (ACh)
  19. Which of the following is true regarding the sliding filament theory?

    C. Myosin heads act as cross-bridges between actin and myosin filaments
  20. Which of the following is a characteristic of muscle?

    D. all of the above
  21. Which of the following contractions describes a muscle that does not change length

    D. Isometric
  22. A muscle that contact rapidly, has low endurance and white appearance is

    B. a fast twitch B fiber
  23. This Substance covers the active binding sites along actin in a relaxed muscle

    B. Tropomyosin
  24. Calcium ions bond with this substance to begin the sliding filament model

    C. Troponin
  25. The space that separates the neurons from the muscle cell is called

    C. Synaptic cleft
  26. There are ___ muscles in the human body

    C. 700
  27. This is the "anchor" end of the muscle and is also called the "head".

    C. Origin
  28. This muscle is named for it's jagged appearance, and protracts the scapula

    A. Serratus Anterior
  29. This muscle originates on the transverse process of C1-C4, and is responsible for elevating the scapula

    A. Levator Scapula
  30. This muscle is a synergist to the Latissimus Dorsi, and inserts on the bicipital groove of the humerus.

    B. Teres Minor
  31. This muscle originates in a fossa on the anterior surface of the scapula, and inserts on the lesser tubercle of the humerus.

    A. Subscapularis
  32. This muscle originates on Ribs 3-5, and can mimic heart paine when it compresses on the brachial plexis

    A. Pectoralis Minor
  33. This muscle is the widest, broadest muscle in the back and creates the "v" shape in the bodybuilders. It is responsible for extending, medial rotation and addiction of the shoulder.

    C. Latissimus Dorsi
  34. What is the attachment of a muscle that is most moveable known as?

    A. Insertion
  35. The trapezius muscle originates on superior nuchal line, nuchal ligament, spinous process of C7-T12, and ___

    D. External Occipital Protuberance
  36. These muscles are responsible for retracting the scapula

    B. Rhomboids Minor & Major
  37. This muscle is located above the spine of the scapula, and abducts the sholder

    A. Supraspinatus
  38. Muscles are named based on

    D. All of the above
  39. This muscle is located in a fossa below the spine of the scapula

    C. Infraspinatus
  40. What is the only muscle located on the posterior surface of the arm, and is responsible for extension?

    D. Triceps Brachii
  41. The muscle originates at the lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus and inserts on the styloid process of the radius.

    D. Brachioradialis
  42. This muscle is triangular shaped, and has an anterior, middle and posterior fiber layout.

    A. Deltoid
  43. This muscle originates on the clavicle, sternal body and ribs 1-8, and it inserts on the bicipital groove of the humerus.

    B. Pectoralis Major
  44. This muscle is the prime mover in flexion, and gives "bulk" to the arm

    C. Coracobrachialis
    B. Brachialis
  45. This muscle is also known as the "armpit muscle" and is responsible for flextion and adduction of the arm.

    D. Coracobrachialis
  46. Actions of this muscle include medial rotation of the sholder, flexion and adduction of the shoulder

    B. Pectoralis Major
  47. Which muscle serves as an antagonist to inself?

    A. Deltoid
  48. This muscle is located on the lateral side of the elbow and helps you to "carry the soup".

    A. Supinator
  49. This muscle is missing in 10% of the population, and is responsible for flexion of the wrist and elbow.

    B. Palmaris Longus
  50. This muscle round shape, and is located just below the elbow on the anterior surface of the forearm

    C. Pronator Teres
  51. This muscles originates on the distal 1/8th of the ulnar shaft, and inserts on the distal 1/8th of the radial shaft. It is 4 sided, and on the anterior surface of the forearm.

    B. Pronator Quadratus
  52. This muscle is responsible for flexion and abduction of the wrist, and is located on the anterior, lateral surface of the forearm

    A. Flexor Carpi Radialis
  53. This muscle originates on the medial epicondyle proximal radial shaft, and inserts on the middle phalanges of fingers 2-5. It flexes the fingers.

    A. Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
  54. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris  lies on the anterior, medial surface of the forearm. It originates on the medial epicondyle of the humerus, and inserts on the basr of metacarpal 5, and hamate and pisiform carpal bones. What is it's function?

    C. Flexion & adduction of the wrist
  55. This muscle allows you to turn your palms downward

    A. Pronator Teres
  56. This muscles isreponsible for exension of the forearm

    B. Extensor Lndicis
  57. This padded area is located on the lower anterior portion of the palm, on the radial aspect

    D. Thenar Eminenc
  58. This muscle allows the thumb to touch the tips of all other fingers on the same hand

    D. Opponens Pollicis
  59. This muscle's name means "to extend wrist at elbow".

    A. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
  60. What structure is formed by the wrist bones and the flexot retinaculum?

    D. Carpal tunnel
  61. This muscle originates on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus , and inserts on the middle phalanges of the fingers 2-5.

    A. Extensor Digitorum
  62. This muscle lies on the anterior, medial portion of the forearm and is deep to other muscles.

    D. Flexor Digitorum Profundus
  63. This structure is a depression located on the posterior radial surface of the hand.

    D. Anatomical Snuffbox
  64. This muscle allows you to drink tea like a lady (or be like Austin Powers).

    C. Extensor Digit Minimi
  65. These muscles allow for extension and abductions of the wrist.

    D. Extenor Carpi Radialis Longus/Brevis
  66. These muscles cause flexion of the thumb

    C. Flexor Pollicis Longus/Brevis
  67. When the muscles is inflamed, it can cause "tennis elbow".

    B. Extensor Carpi radialis Brevis
  68. The flexor tendons all pass through this structure

    A. Carpal tunnel
  69. This muscle originates on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus, and inserts on the proximal phalanx of finger 5.

    A. Extensor Digiti Minimi
  70. This muscle is the largest in the group and is a powerful hip extensor.

    A. Gluteus Maximus
  71. This fused muscles is located deep on the anterior aspects of the toros, and is commonly known as "tenderloin"  in cattle.

    A. Iliopsoas
  72. This muscle's names means "straight on the femur."

    B. Rectus Femoris
  73. This muscle is located on the anterior lateral portion of the thigh, and is responsible for knee extension.

    C. Vastus Lateralis
  74. This muscles is the prime mover of lateral hip rotation and often entraps the sciatic nerve

    B. Piriformis 
  75. This muscle originates on the superior gluteal line of the ilium, and inserts on the greter trochanter, and is known as the "shot in the butt" muscles.

    A. Glutes Medius
  76. Which muscle are known as the "deep six"?

    B. The lateral hip rotators
  77. The muscles originates on the ASIS and the iliac crest, and inserts on the IT Band

    C. Tensor Fascia Lata
  78. This muscles is "four sided" and is a lateral hip rotator.

    C. Quadratus femoris
  79. This muscle lies directly beneath the Rectus Femoris (A)

    C. Vastus Intermedius
  80. This muscle is the smallest of the group, and cannot be easily palpated.

    C. Glutes Minimus
  81. This muscle is a synergist to Gluteus Maximus in tightening the IT Band.

    C. Tensor Fascia Lata
  82. This muscle name means "lower twin"

    C. Gemellus Inferior
  83. This group of muscles is responsible for hip extension and knee flexion

    C. Hamstrings
  84. This muscle is the shortest of the adductors, and originates on the superior pubic ramus while inserting on the linea aspera near the lesser trochanter.

    B. Pectineus
  85. The adductor magnus contains ________ through which the femoral artery and vein pass.

    C. Adductor Hiatus
  86. This muscle is the most medial of the hamstring group

    B. Semimembranosus
  87. This muscle is the longest in the body and is called the “tailor muscle.”

    B. Sartorius
  88. The endangerment sites located on the anterior medial thigh is called

    B. Femoral Triangle
  89. This muscle name means “slender” and it crosses both the hip and the knee

    D. Gracilis
  90. This muscle lies deep to the hamstrings and is the largest of the adductors

    D. Adductor Magnus
  91. All adductors except for Gracilis insert on this landmark of the femur

    C. Linea Aspera
  92. This muscle is the most lateral of the hamstring group, and inserts on the fibular head.

    C. Bicep Feboris
  93. The semitendinosus attaches at the bony landmark sometimes referred to as the “goose foot” on the tibia.

    D. Pes Anserinus
  94. This muscle lies mostly anteriorly of the adductor group

    C. Adductor Longus
  95. All the muscles in this group are responsible for dorsiflexion of the ankle

    B. Anterior compartment
  96. The muscle originates in the anterior shaft, and inserts on the distal phalanx of the big toe

    D. Extensor Hallucis Longus
  97. The name of this muscle means “stomach of the knee”...

    B. Plantaris
  98. This muscle has a short muscle belly, but the largest tendon in the body

    C. Plantaris
  99. This muscle is located just laterally to the tibia or shin bone

    C. Tibialis Anterior
  100. This muscle is known as the “2nd heart” because it is responsible for returning blood back to the heart from the lower body

    C. Soleus
  101. This posterior compartment muscle causes plantar flexion of the ankle, and flexion of the knee, but cannot do both at the same time.

    B. Gastrocnemius
  102. The “triceps surae” muscle; gastrocnemius, soleus and plantaris all merge to form

    C. Achilles (Calcaneal) Tendon
  103. This muscle is also known as “fibularis longus”.

    D. Peroneus Longus
  104. These compartment muscle are responsible for eversion of the foot, and plantar flexion of the ankle. They will commonly cause trigger points for people who are on their feet for long periods of time.

    A. Lateral compartments
  105. This muscle originates on the lateral epicondyle on the femur, and inserts on the calcaneus via the Achilles tendon. It is known as the “mini gastric”.

    D. Plantaris
  106. This muscle lies deep to the gastrocnemius, but is it’s medial and lateral fibers are palpable

    C. Soleus
  107. The largest compartment in the lower legs consists of 7 muscles. It is located?

    D. Posteriorly
  108. This lateral compartment muscle originates on the lateral distal 2/3rd of the fibular shaft and inserts on the base metatarsal #5

    C. Peroneus Brevis
  109. This muscle is known as the “dancer muscles” because of the “toe” position of ballerinas

    B. Gastrocnemius
  110. These two muscles are known as “stirrup muscles”.

    B. Peroneus Longus & Tibialis Anterior
  111. This muscle lies in the forehead and if frequently rubbed when a person is tense

    D. Frontalis
  112. Pound for pound, this muscle is the strongest muscles in the body

    D. Masseter
  113. This muscle originates on the sternum and clavicle, and inserts on the mastoid process.

    A. Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)
  114. This muscle originates on the posterior fibular shaft, and insets on the plantar surface of the distal phalanx of the great toe.

    C. Flexor Hallucis Longus
  115. This small muscle is named for an endangerment site on the back of the knee.

    D. Popliteus
  116. This muscle is known as the kissing muscle

    C. Orbicularis Oris
  117. This group of three muscles can serve as a neurovascular entrapper due to their close location with the external jugular vein and carotid artery.

    D. The Scalense
  118. This is the most superficial muscle in the anterior neck and creates the "pout"

    A. Platysma
  119. Zygomaticus Major & Minor are known as the ______ muscel

    A. Smiling
  120. This muscle originates on the temporal fossa, and inserts on the coranoid process of the mandible... it elevate the mandible

    D. Temporalis
  121. This muscle means "behind the tibia".

    A. Tibialis Posterior
  122. This muscle originates on the posterior tibial shaft, and inserts on the plantar surface of the distal phalanges # 2-5

    D. Flexor Digitorum Longus
  123. This muscle is locate on the bump at the base of the skull

    C. Occipitalis
  124. These two circular muscles surround the eyes and mouth.

    A. Orbicularis Oris & Oculi
  125. These two anterior neck muscles are responsible for maintaining the anterior curve of the cervical spine

    D. Longus Capitus & Longus Colli
  126. These muscles are responsible for lifting ribs 1 & 2 during inhalation.

    B. Scalens
  127. these muscles the "bandages" muscles and responsible for rotating and flexing the neck, and extending the head

    A. Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
  128. This is the only muscle that moves the head but does not attach to any vertebrae

    B. Sternocleidomastoid
  129. These small muscles, located deep to the masseter, are responsible for lateral mandibular movement, and protraction of the mandible

    A. Medial & Lateral Pterygoids
  130. This muscle group is responsible for keeping the spine upright

    B. Erector Spinae
  131. This muscle may appear to be low back muscle, but is actually the deepest of the abdominal group

    D. Quadratus Lumborum
  132. This is  the only muscle in the body that inserts entirely on itself (D)

    D. Diaphragm
  133. This muscle name means "many split" (C)

    D. Multifidus
  134. This muscles originates on the pubic symphysis & tubercle, and inserts on ribs 5-7 and the Xiphoid process

    B. Rectus Abdominis
  135. This muscle acts as a "griddle" or "back belt' in the abdominal group by holding in the internal organs

    D. Transverse Abdominis
  136. These muscles originate on the transverse process (C2-L5) and insert on the spinous process on the vertebrae 1-2 segments above (C)

    B. Multifidus
  137. This muscle depresses the ribs during exhalation

    D. Serratus Posterior Inferior
  138. This muscle originates posterior iliac crest & sacrum and Ribs 1-12 (Posterior), and inserts on Ribs 1-12 (posterior and transverse process C4-C6.

    C. Iliocostalis
  139. This muscle is known as the hip hiker muscle and is common cause of lower back pain when tense?

    D. Quadratus Lumborum
  140. Contraction of the diaphragm results in

    D. Inhalation
  141. This muscle runs only in the cervical and thoracic region of the spine

    B. Semispinalis
  142. This muscle is the most medial of the erector spinae group

    A. Spinalis
  143. The _______ is a depression located on either side of the spine (C)

    A. Lamina grove
  144. these two muscles are responsible for elevating the rib cages during inhalation

    D. Serratus Post. Superior & External Intercostal
  145. This muscle is responsible for the formation of the "6 pack" stomach

    D. Rectus Abdominis
  146. This muscle travels from the sacral area up to include the mastoid process of the skull

    C. Longissimus
  147. This abdominal muscle is responsible for rotation of the vertebral column.

    D. External Oblique
  148. The broad tendinous band located in the lower back is called?

    D. Thoracolumbar Fascia
Card Set
A&P Final Review: Muscular Nomenclature & Kinesiology
A&P Final Review: Muscular Nomenclature & Kinesiology