Critical Thinking I

  1. Yin and Yang have certain properties:
    • Interdependent
    • Interconsuming
    • Flow (dynamic balance)
  2. When there is too much yang and too little yin, what do you have?

    a) empty heat
    b) true heat
    c) empty cold
    d) true cold
    Empty heat
  3. Where there is too little yang and yin, what do you have?

    a) empty heat
    b) yin and yang deficiency
    c) empty cold
    d) true heat
    yin and yang deficiency
  4. When you have too little yang and too much yin, what do you have?

    a) empty heat
    b) yin deficiency
    c) empty cold
    d) true cold
    Empty cold
  5. Stagnation of Qi usually has this very common pain pattern:
    Dull distending pain
  6. What are the common symptoms of LU Qi deficiency?
    • Cough
    • Profuse sweating
  7. What are the common symptoms of SP Qi deficiency?
    • Loose stools
    • Poor appetite
  8. What are the common symptoms of HT Qi deficiency?
    • Palpitations
    • Insomnia
    • No focus/distrated
  9. What are the common symptoms of KD Qi deficiency?
    • LBP
    • Weakness (usually knees)
  10. What are the common symptoms of ST Qi deficiency?
    • Easy to peel tongue coating
    • Geographic tongue
    • Indigestion
    • Food stagnation
  11. Which organ and pathology is responsible for prolapse?
    • SP yang Qi deficiency
    • Holds organs in place and makes sure blood stays in the vessels
  12. What happens when the following meridian's Qi rebels:

    • Hiccups
    • Vomiting
  13. What happens when the following meridian's Qi rebels:

    • Cough
    • Asthma
  14. What happens when the following meridian's Qi rebels:

    Loose stools
  15. What happens when the following meridian's Qi rebels:

  16. What type of pain occurs during blood stasis? Also what's the tongue and pulse?
    • Fixed, sharp pain
    • Purple tongue
    • Hesitant, knotted, choppy pulse
  17. What are some common symptoms and signs for blood deficiency?
    • Pale signs
    • Hair loss --> "blood at end become hair"
    • Insomnia
    • Blurry vision (floaters)
    • Forgetfulness
  18. What are some common symptoms and signs for heat in the blood?
    • Bleeding signs
    • Eczema
    • Skin rash
    • Blood toxicity --> affects LV function --> see it on skin
  19. Air Qi (Da Qi or Qing Qi) goes to which organ?
  20. Food/water Qi (Gu Qi) goes to which organ(s) ?
    • SP
    • ST
  21. The gathering Qi (Pectoral or Zong Qi) is a combination of which 2 Qi?
    • Food Qi
    • Air Qi
  22. Which organ is the sea of Qi?
  23. Which point is the sea of Qi?
    Ren 6
  24. Which body area/part is the sea of Qi?
  25. Gathering Qi (Pectoral Qi) is formed where in the body?
  26. The Gathering Qi circulates where in the body? It assists which organ?
    • It circulates in the chest and is collected at the Sea of Qi.
    • It can descend to assist KD - mutual relationship wth Yuan Qi
  27. What are the functions of the Gathering Qi?
    • Assists LU to govern Qi and respiration
    • Controls strength of voice
    • Assists HT to govern blood and vessels
    • Speech and circulation of QI
  28. Weak Voice
    Impeded speech
    Cold hands and limbs
    Can be damaged by grief and sadness

    Which Qi is deficient?

    a) Defensive Qi
    b) Original Qi
    c) Gathering Qi
    d) Food Qi
    Gathering Qi
  29. Original Qi (Primary or Yuan Qi) originates in which organ?
    • KD --> pre-heaven essence
    • Originated at Ming Men
    • Nourished by post-heaven qi
  30. How does original (yuan) Qi circulate in the body?
    • Through SJ
    • It starts in lower jiao --> middle jiao --> upper jiao --> enters the meridians and comes out yuan-primary acupuncture points
  31. What are the functions of Original (Yuan) Qi?
    • Foundation of yin and yang
    • Functional activities of Zang-Fu (true yang)
    • Basis of KD Qi (yuan primary qi)
    • Use it to form Zhen (True) Qi and Blood
  32. Delayed growth and development
    Susceptibility to disease

    The following above is a deficiency in which Qi?

    a) Gathering Qi
    b) Original Qi
    c) True Qi
    d) Defensive Qi
    Original Qi
  33. Which two combos make True (Zhen) Qi?

    a) Yuan Qi + Gathering Qi
    b) Food Qi + Air Qi
    c) Defensive Qi + Yuan Qi
    Yuan Qi + Gathering Qi (Air Qi + Food Qi)
  34. True Qi breaks down to it's yin and yang components into which 2 Qi?

    a) Nutritive Qi + Defensive Qi
    b) Defensive Qi + Yuan Qi
    c) Nutritive Qi + Yuan Qi
    • Nutritive (ying) Qi (yin)
    • Defensive (wei) Qi (yang)
  35. What is the final stage of fully usuable Qi?

    a) True Qi
    b) Yuan Qi
    c) Gathering Qi
    d) Food Qi
    True Qi
  36. Where does True Qi circulates?
    • Circulates in the channels
    • Nourishes organs
  37. Where does Food Qi form?
  38. How does Food Qi circulate?
    • From SP --> LU (combine with Air Qi = Gathering Qi)
    • Some portion travel from LU --> HT (combine as Blood)
  39. The functions of Food Qi are?
    Basis for production of all Qi and Blood of the body
  40. What are some symptoms of Food Qi?
    General Qi and Blood deficiency
  41. Where does Defensive Qi come from? (which other Qi)
    Yang part of True Qi
  42. Defensive Qi is rooted in which organ/body part?
    Lower jiao (KD)
  43. Defensive Qi is nourished by which organs?
    Middle jiao (SP/ST)
  44. The Defensive Qi spreads to which organ/body area?
    Upper jiao (LU)
  45. Where does Defensive Qi circulate?
    Which organ regulates its circulation?
    How many times does this qi circulate during 24 hour period?
    • It circulates outside the vessels and channels between skin and muscles (exterior).
    • It's circulation is regulated by the LU.
    • It circulates 50X/day. 25X during the day and 25X at night.
    • During the day, it circulates in the exterior.
    • At night, it circulates in the zang organs.
  46. What are the functions of Wei Qi?
    • Protects the body from exterior pathogens
    • Warms & nourishes skin, hair, muscles and organs
    • Controls pores and sweating
    • Regulates body temp
    • Influences sleep patterns --> LV (zang) = Defense Qi brings blood back to the LV when you go to sleep
  47. Easily get cold
    Spontaneous sweating
    Aversion to wind & cold

    Which Qi deficiency is related to the above mentioned symptoms?

    a) Nutritive Qi
    b) Defensive Qi
    c) Original Qi
    d) Food Qi
    Defensive Qi
  48. Which of the 8 evils can remove the Defensive Qi up from the pores?
    • Wind
    • So, Defensive Qi cannot fight wind.
  49. Where does Nutritive Qi come from?
    True (Zhen) Qi = yin part
  50. Where does Nutritive Qi flow?
    Flows with the blood inside the vessel (interior). It is the Qi of the meridians.
  51. What are the functions of the Nutritive Qi ?
    • Nourishes entire body
    • Produces/Transforms into Blood
    • Works with Wei Qi to nourish, warm & protect our body
  52. What is Upright (anti-pathogenic) Qi come from?
    Yuan (Original) Qi + Zong (Gathering) Qi + Ying (Nutritive) Qi and Wei (Defensive) Qi
  53. Where does the anti-pathogenic Qi flow?
    It is the Qi of the meridians
  54. What are the functions of anti-pathogenic Qi ?
    • Resist pathogens
    • Includes all the types of Qi that protects the body from pathogenic factor (Xie Qi)
    • Influences Qi, blood, Zang-Fu
  55. Where does Center Qi come from?
    Made by food essence & SP/ST Qi
  56. Where does Central (zhong) Qi circulate?
    Middle Jiao
  57. What does Central Qi do (functions)?
    • Transforms & Transports
    • Raises Yang Qi
    • Lifts and holds organs
  58. If the Central Qi is defecient, what are some common pathologies?
    Organ prolapse (associated w/SP Qi sinking)
  59. How is the blood formed?
    • Food Qi + Yuan Qi (in the heart)
    • Essence can transform to blood in LV
    • Bone-marrow produces blood
  60. Where does blood circulate?
    • Vessels
    • Channels
  61. What are the functions of blood ?
    • Nourishes the body
    • Moistens the eyes, tendons, skin, hair and tongue
  62. If there is Blood deficiency, what are the 3 pathological patterns?
    • Blood deficiency
    • Blood Stasis/Stagnation
    • Blood Heat
  63. **Please Describe the flow of Body Fluid Transformation (Starts in which organ and goes where?)
    • SP/ST --(pure)--> LU --> KD & skin/muscles
    • SP/ST --(impure)--> SI
    • SI --(pure)--> BL --> urine
    • SI --(impure)--> LI --> stool + some get reabsorbed
    • KD --(pure/"steam" True yin/Qi)--> LU
    • KD --(impure)--> BL --> urine
    • LI --> goes out (stool)
    • LI --> reabsorbed via SJ --> LJ (drain ditch) --> MJ (muddy pool) --> UJ (mist) --> skin/muscle
  64. What are the types of body fluid (2)?
    • Jin (fluid)
    • Ye (liquid)
  65. What are the characteristics of Jin (body fluids)?
    • Thin
    • Circulates with Wei Qi in skin/muscle layer
    • Distributed by the LU
    • Moves primarily in upper jiao
    • EX: tears, sweat, saliva, thin mucus
  66. What are the characteristics of Ye (body fluids)?
    • Thick (more turbid, heavy, dense)
    • Circulates with Yin (Nutritive) Qi
    • Transforms by SP & KD
    • Primarily in MJ & LJ
    • Sometimes Ye can become damp (if Ye goes to the MJ and SP yang cannot control it --> damp)
  67. What are the functions of Jin (body fluids)?
    • Moisten skin & muscles
    • Thin the blood
  68. What are the functions of Ye (body fluids)?
    • Moisten & lubricate joints, spine, brain and bone marrow
    • Lubricate orifices of sense organs
  69. Which 4 meridians goes to the brain (inside)?
    • UB
    • Du
    • Yang Qiao/Heel
    • Yin Qiao/Heel
  70. Which 3 meridians reaches the vertex?
    • LV
    • UB
    • Du
  71. Which 3 meridians reaches the ear?
    • GB
    • SJ
    • SI
  72. Which 2 meridians goes to the corner of the mouth ?
    • Yin Qiao/Heel
    • Yang Qiao/Heel
  73. Which meridian curves around upper lip ?
  74. Which meridian circles around upper lip ?
  75. Which meridian circles on very inside front of lip?
  76. Which meridian curves around the lips ?
  77. How many cun from ant to post hairline?
  78. How many cun between mastoid processes?
  79. How many cun between both ST 8?
  80. How many cun between acromium to the midline?
  81. How many cun beween anterior axillary fold to 11th rib?
  82. How many cun between sternal costal angel and umbilicus?
  83. How many cun between symph pubis and umbilicus?
  84. How many cun between symp pubis and medial knee (inside thigh)?
  85. How many cun between greater trochanter and lat knee (outside thigh)?
  86. How many cun between width of 2nd and 3rd digit on the distal MCP crease?
  87. How many cun between width of 2nd and 3rd digit on the prox MCP crease?
  88. How many cun is the length of whole body?
  89. How many cun between gluteal crease to popliteal fossa?
  90. How many cun between end of axillary fold to cubital crease?
  91. How many cun is your foot?
  92. How many cun between lat knee and lat malleolus (outside leg)?
  93. How many cun between med knee and med malleolus (inside leg)?
  94. How many cun is the inside forarm?
  95. How many cun is thumb?
  96. How many cun between length prox & distal MCP joints of the middle finger?
  97. Which type of body fluid is urine?
    It's not part of body fluid. It's an impure substance.
Card Set
Critical Thinking I
Critical Thinking I MT 1