retrovirus responsible for the development of AIDS; can be transmitted during
vaginal or anal intercourse. A virus primarily transmitted through bodily
fluids, including semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk, and blood.
A conditioned of increased
susceptibility to opportunistic diseases; results from an infection with HIV,
which destroys the body’s immune system
What are some high risk behaviors?
High Risk Behaviors
Unprotected sex without male and female condoms;
unless both partners are in committed relationships and have been previously
Engaging in oral sex without protection; unless
both partners are in a committed relationship and have been previously tested
Engaging in sexual intercourse before the age of
Having multiple sex partners
Engaging in sexual behavior with a partner who
has multiple sex partners
Engaging in anal sex without a condom
Crabs: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
Symptoms—mild to unbearable
itching, which often increases in the evening
Diagnosis—it can be seen (the lice
and the eggs) with the naked eye
Treatment—must kill the insect and
the egg. In must be killed on sheets and clothing. Kwell ointment comes in
shampoo or cream. Apply directly to the pubic hair for approximately 12 hour.
Gonorrhea: Symptoms, Diagnosis and treatmeant
symptoms—the majority of women who have
gonorrhea do not even know they have it they are asymptomatic. Cervix is the
most common site of infection. Abnormal bleeding and increase in urinary
frequency. Urination can be painful.
Diagnosis—collecting a sample from the
cervix, urethra, or another infected area with a cotton swab. The sample is
incubated to allow the bacteria to multiply. The slide is then examined under a
microscope for the presence of Gonococcus bacterium.
Treatment—can be treated effectively with
antibiotics, either orally or via injection.
Syphilis: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
Symptoms—it is divided into three stages.
stage—10-90 days one or more red or brown sores called chancres, that appear
penis, vagina, vulva etc.
stage—3-6 weeks, syphilis invades the central nervous system. The infected
person develops reddish patches on the skin. Also may have wart like growth
(and final stage) the disease goes into remission. After a year they won’t be
able to infect anyone, but the potential of having neurological problems are
Diagnosis—anyone who develops a
chancres shout see a health care provider. A culture can be taken from the
lesion and microscopically examined, also blood test.
Treatment—easy to treat. For
infection in less than a year a single injection of antibiotic; if untreated
can be fatal.
Chlamydia: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
Symptoms—it is called the silent
disease, some people are asymptomatic. Burning sensation during urination,
cervical bleeding, sometimes discharge, but not all, and may mean other STI’S
Diagnosis—sample of cells of
“infected area. Urine based test.
there may be strands resistant to the bacteria. (7-10 days) Women, after treatment should be
retested after 3 months.
Herpes: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
Symptoms—blisters, for women these
Diagnosis—the presence of blisters
can be enough to diagnose
Treatment—there is no cure for
infection with the herpes virus. Once infected the virus will stay with the
person until they die.
HPV: Symptoms, Diagnosis, treatment
Symptoms—most people do not develop any
symptoms; although some people 10% develop genital warts.
Diagnosis—it may come up in the pap test
but 90 percent of the time it goes unnoticed. HPV DNA test; commonly used to
check against the types that can cause cancer.
Treatment—it can cause genital warts and
vaginal discharge, chemical topical solution can be use to treat the genital
HIV: Symptoms, Diagnosis, treatment
Symptoms—Gradual deterioration of the immune
system through destruction of t-helper cells. For non-depressed people this can
take up to 5 years and for those who are it can take about 3 years.
Diagnosis—through blood test or HIV
Treatment—antiretroviral therapy; pills and
List the four main body fluids that carry HIV
Blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk
Know in general way how HIV works in the body
HIV attaches itself to the t-helper cells and
injects its infectious RNA into the fluid of the helper cell. RNA contains an
enzyme known as reverse transcriptase, which is capable of changing the RNA
into DNA. The new DNA takes over the t-helper cell and begins to manufacture
What are microbicides?
Chemical that works by inhibiting sperm
function; effective against HIV and other STI’s and not harmful to the vaginal
or cervical cells.
What is the “Sexual Network?"
A sexual network is the infrastructure of
everyone person involved in large or smaller linked group of individuals. And
example of such can be seen from the research in the school; or in our class
when we did the one person was infected with syphilis and how we are all at
risk within a certain network if there are links that connect a person with
others in that network.
This is an important focus of research because
sexologist would be able to tell how disease spread, between a given group and
it can provide insight to better educate individuals.
Which STD is the most commonly reported infectious disease
in the United States, leads to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and is
often called an STD epidemic, though expert believe the majority of the cases
go unreported, primarily because women don’t have symptoms?
For each STD/STI, indicate if it is a virus (v), bacteria (b), or parasite (p)
A. Crabs (p) Gonorrhea (Bacteria) Syphilis (Bacterial)
Chlamydia (Bacteria) Herpes (Virus), HPV (VIRUS) HIV (Virus)
The release of outbreak infections between outbreaks from infected