The process of altering the chemical and physical composition of food so that it can be absorbed and used by the body cells is known as:
The inner most layer of the GI wall is called the:
The ____ consists of two maxillary bones and two palatine bones.
The dorsal surface of the tongue is covered with rough elevated projections called:
All of the following are paris of salivary glands except the:
Early in life, 20 deciduous teeth appear. Later these are replaced by __ permanent teeth.
The _____ is a collapsible tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach.
The sphincter muscle that controls the opening of the esophagus into the stomach is the _____ sphincter.
The epithelial lining of the stomach is thrown into folds, which are called:
Gastric glands contain two major secretory cells called _____ cells and _____ cells.
The uppermost division of the small intestine is the:
The intestinal lining has circular folds that contain many tiny projections called:
The large intestine is divided into the:
cecum, colon, and rectum.
The structure that permits material to pass from the ileum into the large intestine is the:
A fan-shaped projection of the parietal peritoneum is called the:
The largest gland in the body is the:
The hepatic duct merges with the cystic duct from the gallbladder, forming the ____ duct.
the common bile
The main components of bile contain all of the following except:
The function of the gallbladder is to:
The organ that is composed of both endocrine and exocrine tissue is the:
Chemical digestion requires the secretion of ______ into the lumen of the GI tract.
digestive enzymes and bile
The process of deglutition includes all of the following except the _____ stage.
The wave-like ripple of the muscle layer of the GI tract is called:
Fats and other nutrients in the duodenum stimulate the intestinal mucosa to release a hormone called:
gastric inhibitory peptide
The chemical prcess in which a compound unites with water and then splits into simpler compounds is called:
Because fats are insoluable in water, they must be:
Saliva contains the enzyme:
Stimulation of gastric juice secretion occurs in all of the following phases except the ____ phase.
The ejection of bile from the gallbladder is controlled by whcih hormones?
CCK and secretin
The final stage in lipid transport by the intestines is the formation of:
The act of expelling feces is called:
_____ is a general term referring to the inflammation of the liver.
Anatomy & Physiology