U.S. History Final 1

  1. Why did the founders put checks and balance in the Constitution?
    To prevent the emergence of a single center power.
  2. What was a reason to abolish a government according to the Social Contract Theory. 
    If the government isn't giving you you're rights then you have the right to abolish a government. 
  3. What was the ultimate source of power in the Constitution?
    The ultimate source of power is "we the people of the United States".
  4. What are the 1st Amendment rights?
    Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. 
  5. What was the significance of Marbury v. Madison?
    It established judicial review. 
  6. What was the Monroe Doctrine?
    Declaration by President Monroe in 1823 that the United States would oppose efforts by any outside power to control a nation n the Western Hemisphere. 
  7. What were some problems African Americans faced after the Civil War
    People threatened African Americans against voting. The Ku Klux Klan used terror and violence against African Americans. They lost their political rights that they had gained after the Civil war. Dejure segregation, or legal separation of the races, became the law in all southern states as well as slowly taking away their right to vote. 
  8. Why did businesses create monopolies and trusts?
    To gain an edge or keep an eye on their competitors.
  9. Why did workers create labor unions?
    To improve working conditions. 
  10. Who did the American Federation of Labor(AFL) represent? 
    They focused for better wages, working hours, and working conditions. They represented craft unions and workers with a specific craft or trade. 
  11. What was the purpose of the novel, The Jungle.
    To honestly portray human misery and the struggles of common people. It showed the despair of immigrants and unsanitary conditions in the industry. 
  12. What was the role of the muckrakers?
    To uncover and expose misconduct in politics or business. 
  13. Why did Congress create the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act?
    Businessmen abused their monopoly status so the government then became involved in regulating trusts and enacted the Sherman Antitrust Act which outlawed mergers and monopolies. 
  14. What was the Gilded Age and Social Darwinism?
    Gilded Age is used to describe the post-Reconstruction era, which was characterized by a facade of prosperity for the country. Social Darwinism is the belief held by some in the late nineteenth century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them. 
  15. Why were late 19th century cities ethnically divided
    BEcause of racial view, immigrants couldn't get some jobs so they had to move to the ghettos, or areas where one ethnic or racial group dominates. 
  16. What was the Populist Party?
    It is a people's party;political party formed in 1891 to advocate a larger money supply and other economic reforms. 
  17. What was the purpose of initiatives, referendums, and recalls?
    They, Progressives, wanted to make sure that elected officials would follow citizen's wishes. 
  18. Why the Progressive movement?
    They had a desire to act for the good of society. they believed that industrialization and urbanization had created troubling social and political problems. 
  19. what area did most immigrants in 1900 settle?
    they moved to outside the suburbs in urban ghettos. 
  20. What was the nativist.most popular American view on immigration?
    Americans were prejudice towards them and called them "greenhorns", meaning they looked green, or new, to the American way of life. 
  21. What was the goal of Americanization movement?
    Thy tried to make the United States a model society by encouraging everyone to follow white, middle-class ways of life. They advised immigrants how to dress like white middle-class Americans and pushed them to replace the foods and customs of their homelands with Protestant practices and values to make them loyal. 
  22. What were some of the goals of the Social Gospel Movement?
    They urged for the end of child labor and a shorter workweek. They also pushed for the federal government to limit the power of corporations and trusts. 
  23. What are some similarities between the Second Great Awakening ad Social Gospel Movement?
    They both believed that people could and should work to achieve a state of moral perfection and that people can make society "the kingdom of god".
  24. What was the nativist/American backlash against Irish in the 1850's?
  25. Robber Barons are controlling of what two things?
    Trusts and monopolies. 
  26. Why did immigrants support political machines?
    BEcause politicians promised them things that interested them as immigrants-like equality.
  27. What were the Progressive Era muckraking journalists known for?
    Their ability to uncover and expose misconduct in politics or business.
  28. The primary goal of women's right movement was what?
    They wanted to expand their role in the community and get the right to vote. Also to limit the number of work hours, improve family life. 
  29. Social Darwinism represented the idea of what?
    Natural selection to society, arguing that life consisted of a struggle in which only the fittest survived. It made Americans believe that God had granted them the right and responsibility to settle the frontier.
  30. Why did Democratic Woodrow Wilson win the presidential election in 1912?
    In 1912, the republican Party split over the issue of reform. The split created an opportunity for the Democrats and their candidate, Woodrow Wilson, to win the White House. 
  31. Why was Hawaii annexed in 1895?
    In 1897, a new President entered the White House. William McKinley's administration favored annexation, and in 1898, after the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, congress proclaimed Hawaii an official U.S. territory. 
  32. What was the purpose behind the Open Door Policy?
    To not have colonies in areas like China but to have free trade with them. 
  33. What was the role of the Yellow Press in the Spanish-American War?
    Their stories exaggerated Spanish atrocities and compared Cuban rebels to the patriots of the American Revolution to get people to support the war. 
  34. What was Roosevelt Corollary?
    President Theodore Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere fee from intervention by European powers. He updated the Monroe Doctrine for an age of economic imperialism. 
  35. What was Theodore Roosevelt's "Big Stick" Foreign Policy?
    Roosevelt's policy of creating and using., when necessary, a strong military to achieve America's goals. 
  36. Why and how did the U.S. gain overseas markets and new sources of raw materials?
    They did this through imperialism and extractive economies to take the raw material from the colony and ship them to the home country. 
  37. What was government's role in Dollar Diplomacy?
    The policy aimed to increase American investments in businesses and banks throughout Central America and the Caribbean. 
  38. What was the US' motive in late 19th century imperialism?
    They wanted to still be apart of the world affairs even if they didn't want a lot of land just so countries knew that they, the U.S., still existed. 
  39. Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson's Foreign Policy all supported?
    They still supported military involvement when necessary. 
  40. What was the goal of imperialists between 1889-1900?
    They believed in National Superiority and used the ideas of racial, national, and cultural superiority to justify imperialism. Also the Social Darwinism idea to expand their lands. 
  41. What was the the purpose of building the Panama Canal?
    To dig a canal across Central America for trade. 
  42. Wat was the main reason for passage of women's right to vote?
    Their work efforts in World War One.
  43. What was Wilson's foreign policy at the beginning of WW1?
    wilson urged for Neutrality at the beginning of the war. 
  44. How did the U.S. benefit from staying out of WW1 until 1917?
    They didn't loose as much men and they didn't have a lot of war debt and their land is still in good condition. 
  45. How did the U.S. raise money to finance the war?
    Individual agencies regulated food production, coal and petroleum distribution, and railway use. This meant the government determined what crops farmers grew, what products industries produced, and how supplies moved around on the nation's trains. 
  46. Why did the Senate refuse to ratify Treaty of Versailles?
    Most senators wanted the United States to participate in world affairs. they differed slightly on what form that participation would take. 
  47. What were the reasons behind the Palmer Raids?
    The Red Scare came about which is a wave of widespread fear of suspected communists and radicals thought to be plotting revolution within the United States.
  48. Who were targets of the 1920's Ku Klux Klan?
    Catholics, blacks, Jews, immigrants, homosexuals, Asians, drug dealers, "wild women", the Pope, and the politician Franklin D. Roosevelt. 
  49. What defined 1920's culture?
    The movies, radio, phonographs, and modernism in art and literature.
  50. The "Back to Africa" movement and creation of NAACP are a response to what?
    Because everywhere blacks were exploited. 
  51. After World War 1, the United States emerged as what?
    A world power. 
  52. What was the 18th Amendment and progressive influence?
    It forbade the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol anywhere in the United States. 
  53. Why did African Americans leave southern segregation and poverty in the 1920's?
    They dreamed of a better life in the north because in the south they had low-paying rural jobs, barred from decent schools, faced with the reality of Jim Crow oppression and the treat of lynching. 
  54. The 1920's boom years are characterized by what? 
  55. The significance of the 1925 Scopes Trial was the struggle between what and what? 
    Evolution and the description of creation in the Bible. 
  56. What was the Harlem Renaissance?
    A period during the 1920's in which African American novelists, poets, and artists celebrated their culture. 
  57. Who was the group hit hardest in the 1920's?
    the farmer's. 
  58. What was Henry Ford's efficient way to produce an automobile?
    Scientific management, mass production and assembly line. 
  59. What was the purpose of the Volstead Act of 1919?
    To enforce the Eighteenth Amendment. 
  60. What was the Teapot Dome Scandal?
    A scandal during the Harding administration in which the Secretary of the Interior leased government oil reserves to private oilmen in return for brines.
Card Set
U.S. History Final 1
U.S. History Final 1