1. -megaly
  2. -emia
    in the blood
  3. hyperparathyroidism
    • state of excessive parathyroid
    • state of insufficient parathyroid
  4. polydiosia
    many (excessive) thirst
  5. -uria
  6. urine
  7. polyuria
    condition of (too) much urine
  8. glycosuria
    glucose in the urine
  9. excessive acidity of body fluids due to the accumulation of acids
    • acidosis
    • diabetic acidosis
  10. branch of med, endocrine glands
  11. condition in the eyeballs protrude, such as in Graves' disease. generally caused by overproduction of thyroid hormone
  12. development of breast tissue in males. may be symptom of adrenal feminization
  13. condition of having an excessive amt of hair. generally used to describe females who have the adult male pattern of hair growth. can be result of hormone imbalance
  14. excessive hormone production by an endocrine gland
  15. deficient hormone production by an endocrine gland
  16. having an abnormal amt of fat in the body
  17. group of symptoms & signs that, when combined, present a clinical picture of a disease or condition
  18. disease results from a deficiency in adrenocortical hormones. may be increased pigmentation of skin, generalized weakness, & wt loss
    • Addison's disease 
    • (named for physician Thomas Addison)
  19. development of female secondary sexual characteristics (such as breasts) in a male. often result of increased estrogen secretion by the adrenal cortex
    adrenal feminization
  20. development of male secondary sexual characteristics (such as deeper voice and facial hair) in a female. often a result of icnreased androgen secretion by the adrenal cortex
    adrenal virilism
  21. set of symptoms that result from hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex. may be the result of a tumor of the adrenal glands. may present symptoms of weakness, edema, excess hair growth, skin discoloration, and osteoporosis
    • Cushing's syndrome 
    • (named after US neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing)
  22. usually benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that secretes epinephrine. symptoms include anxiety, heart paplitations, dyspnea, profuse sweating, headache, and nausea
  23. chronic disorder of carb metabolism that results in hyperglycemia and glycosuria. 
    diabetes mellitus
  24. 2 types of diabetes
    • type 1: insulin-dependent
    • type 2: non-insulin-dependent
  25. secondary complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels of the retina, resulting in visual changes and even blindness
    diabetic retinopathy
  26. develops early in life when the pancreas stops insulin production. pt must take daily insulin injections
    insulin-dependent DM (type 1)
  27. tumor of the islets of Langerhans cells of the pancreas that secretes an excessive amt of insulin
  28. acidosis due to an excess of acidic ketone bodies (waste products). a serious condition requiring immediate treatment that can result in death for the diabetic pt if not reversed.
    • ketoacidosis 
    • aka diabetic acidosis
  29. pancreas produces normal to high levels of insulin, but the cells fail to respond to it. pts may take oral hypoglycemics to improve insulin function, or may eventually have to take insulin
    non-insulin-dependent DM (type 2)
  30. damage to the nerves in the lower legs & hands as a result of DM. symptoms may included either extreme sensitivity or numbness & tingling
    peripheral neuropathy
  31. nerve irratability and painful muscle cramps resulting from hypocalcemia. hypoparathyroidism may be one cause
  32. excessive productoin of parathyroid hormone, which results in degeneration of the bones
    Recklinghausen disease
  33. chronic disease of adults that results in an elongation and enlargement of the bones of the head and extremities. there can also be mood changes. due to an excessive amt of growth hormone in an adult
  34. disorder caused by inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. there may be polyuria and polydipsia
    diabetes insipidus 
  35. condition of being abnormally short in height. may be result of a hereditary condition or a lack of growth hormone
  36. excessive development of the body due to the overproductoin of the growth hormone by the pituitary gland in a child or teenager.
  37. deficiency in all the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland.  often recognized b/c of probs w/the glands regulated by the pituitary-adrenal cortex, thyroid, ovaries, and testes
  38. congenital condition in which a lack of thyroid hormones may result in arrested physical and mental developmetn
  39. enlargement of the thyroid gland
  40. condition that results in overactivity of the thyroid gland and can cause a crisis situation. symptoms include exophthalmos and goiter. a type of hyperthyroidism
    Graves' disease
  41. chronic autoimmune form of thyroiditis, results in hyposecretion of thyroid hormones
    Hashimoto's disease
  42. condition resulting from marked overproduction of the thyroid gland. symptoms include rapid heart action, tremors, enlarged thyroid gland, exophthalmos, and wt loss
  43. condition resulting from a hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in an adult. symptoms include anemia, slow speech, swollen facial features, edematous skin, drowsiness, and mental lethargy
  44. cancerous tumor in a gland that is capable of producing the hormones secreted by that gland. one cause of hypersecretion pathologies
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