Developmental Psych-Erikson

  1. Describe the Infancy stage (0-1) of development.
    Basic trust v Mistrust

    Appreciation of interdependence. Children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliability, care & affection. A lack of this leads to mistrust.

    • Virtue/Resolution: Hope
    • Important events: Feeding
  2. Describe the Early Childhood (1-3 yrs) stage of development.
    Autonomy v Shame

    Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills & a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame & doubt.

    • Virture/Resolution: Will
    • Important events: Toilet Training
  3. Describe the Preschool Age (3-6 yrs) of development.
    Initiative v Guilt

    Children need to begin asserting control over & power over the enviornment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.

    • Virture/Resolution: Purpose
    • Important events: Exploration
  4. Describe the School Age (6-12 yrs) stage of development.
    Industry v Inferiority

    Children need to cope with new social & academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.

    • Resolution: Competence
    • Important events: School
  5. Describe the Adolescence (12-19 yrs) stage of development.
    Identity v Confusion

    Teens need to develop a sense of self & personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion & a weak sense of self.

    • Resolution: Fidelity
    • Important events: Social Relationships
  6. Describe the Young Adulthood (19-30 yrs) stage of development.
    Intimacy v Isolation

    Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships w/other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness in the world.

    • Resolution: Love
    • Important events: Relationships
  7. Describe Middle Adulthood (30-65 yrs) stage of development.
    Generativity v Stagnation

    Adults need to create or nuture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Achieve life goals, consider future generations. Success leads to feelings of usefulness & accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world.

    • Resolution: Care
    • Important events: Work and Parenthood
  8. Describe Maturity/Old Age (65+ yrs) stage of development.
    Ego Integrity v Despair

    Older adults need to look back on life & feel a sense of fulfillment. Life review with meaning both positive & negatives, positive self worth.

    • Resolution: Wisdom
    • Important events: Reflection on life
  9. Do the stages need to be mastered before moving to the next?
    No, a healthily developing human should pass through each stage. In each stage the person confronts, and hopefully masters, new challenges. Each stage builds on the successful completion of earlier stages. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future.
Card Set
Developmental Psych-Erikson
Erikson 8 Stages of Development