Psychology: Mid Year Review

  1. behavioralist
    • rewards & punishments
    • conditioning
    • observational learning
  2. cognitive
    • decision making
    • processing information
    • problem solving
  3. defense mechanism: reaction-formation
    expressing the opposite of what you feel
  4. sublimination
    transforming unacceptable impulses into acceptable ones
  5. identification
    increasing feelings of self worth by identifying with a person of imprtance
  6. id
    instinctual urges
  7. superego
  8. ego
    balances id and superego
  9. Adler
    psychodynamic, inferiority complex, birth order
  10. Horney
    pyschodynamic, disagreed with frued, just need healthy upbringing
  11. Erikson
    psychodynamic, stages of psychosocial development
  12. Jung
    psychodynamic, more positive, collective vs personal unconscience
  13. Frued
    • eros vs thanatos
    • conscious to preconscious to unconscious
  14. Watson
    behavioralist, little albert,
  15. Skinner
    behavioralist, rewards and punishments
  16. Bandura
    cognitive, bodo doll experiment, obsrevational learning
  17. reciprocal determinism
    personality is shaped by cognitive, behavioral and environmental
  18. rotter
    cognitive, locus of control, self-efficacy
  19. internal vs external locus of control
    • internal: you make things happen
    • external: things happen to you
  20. rogers
    humanist, conditional vs unconditional postive regard, real vs ideal self
  21. Cognitive theory of motivation
    intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation
  22. intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation
    • intrinsic: engaging in activities to fulfill our own beliefs
    • extrinsic: reduce biological needs/ rewards from enviornment
  23. operational definition
    define research variables
  24. 3 parts of emotions
    • physical
    • behavioral
    • cognitive
  25. physiological arousal
    connection between how you feel and what your body does
  26. james-lange theory
    emotional stimulus causes physiological reaction, which produces emotion
  27. cannon-bard theory
    emotional stimulus cause physiological resonses and emotion at the same time
  28. Schachter two factor theory of emotion
    • must label emotion to experience it
    • how we think about an event changes how we feel about it
  29. opponent-process
    emotion triggers opposite emotion
  30. validity
    does a test measure what it is supposed to?
  31. standardized
    tests are administered the same way every time
  32. reliable
    test's consistency in scoring
  33. weschsler
    developed common current IQ test
  34. binet
    developed first IQ test
Card Set
Psychology: Mid Year Review