1. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    • a.      17th: Spain most populous empire in world, controlling almost all of S. America and some of Asia and Africa
    •                                                               i.      Treasury empty
    • 1.      Philip II went bankrupt in 1596 fromw ar
    • 2.      Philip III spent fortune on court in 1607
    • a.      Allowed greedy minister duke of Lerma to run country
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Interested in power and wealth for self and family
    • 3.      Armed forces out of date
    • 4.      Government inefficient
    • 5.      Commercial class weak in midst of suppressed peasantry, luxury-loving nobles, and too many priest and monks
  2. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    Philip IV
    •                                                               i.      Reign seemed capable, especially in Gaspar de Guzman, chief minister, the count of Olivares
    • 1.      Dominated king’s moves and tried to revive monarchical interests
    •                                                             ii.      Domestic reforms for curtailing Church and aristocracy’s power
    •                                                           iii.      Political reform to centralive government of spain and possessions
    •                                                           iv.      Little success because number and power of Spanish aristocrats made them too strong
  3. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    Philip and Olivares
    •                                                               i.      Philip and Olivares tried to pursue Spain’s imperial glory through internal revolts
    • 1.      Thirty Years Warà expensive military campaigns that incited internal revolts and years of civil warà unsuccessful revolts
    •                                                             ii.      Battle of ROcroi in 1643: Spanish army destroyed
  4. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    • a.      1640s: no illusion about Spain’s greatness
    •                                                               i.      Foreign losses
    • 1.      Dutch independependence recognized by Peace of Westphalia in 1648
    • 2.      Peace of the Pyrenees with France in 1659 meant surrender of Artois and outlying defenses of the Spain Netherlands as well as certain border regions that went to France
Card Set
State Building and the Search for Order in the 17th Century