Physical Environment and Safety Standards

  1. Airborne Bacteria
    Transported or spread by air; the surgical technologist is primarily concerned with airborne bacteria
  2. Back Table
    Large movable table that is covered with a sterile drape for placement of sterile instruments, supplies, and equipment for surgical procedures
  3. Breakpoints
    Points in the operating table that indicate where a section can be moved up or down
  4. Decontamination Room
    Room that typically contains sinks for gross decontamination, an ultrasonic washer, and a washer-sterilizer to decontaminate instruments and equipment
  5. Electrosurgical Unit (ESU)
    Mechanical device that produces an electric current that is converted into thermal energy (heat) for the purpose of cutting or coagulating tissue
  6. High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter
    Filter that is capable of removing bacteria as small as 0.5–5 mm; utilized in the operating room to aid in preventing the patient from acquiring a postoperative wound infection
  7. Ionizing Radiation
    Process by which energy either directly or indirectly induces ionization of radiation-absorbing material or tissues; X-rays
  8. Laminar Airflow
    The unidirectional positive-pressure flow of air that captures microbes to be filtered
  9. Linen Hamper
    Four-wheeled stand that can be lined with a biohazardous-marked bag for the collection of nondisposable linen during a surgical procedure
  10. Mayo stand
    Small portable stand with a tray on top that is covered with a sterile drape and on which the instruments, equipment, and supplies that are most frequently used for the surgical procedure are placed; it is most often positioned over the patient’s legs
  11. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
    Federal organization that is dedicated to protecting the health of workers by establishing standards that address issues related to safety in the workplace
  12. Pathology Department
    The department responsible for testing and processing specimens, tissues, and body fluids to obtain a diagnosis
  13. Perfusionist
    The individual responsible for running and maintaining the cardiopulmonary bypass machine during open heart procedures
  14. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    Attire worn to protect against exposure to physical and biological hazards
  15. Plume
    Smoke produced by laser or electrocautery that has been shown to contain biological material
  16. Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)
    A chemical compound composed of a mixture of liquid and powder used for cementing prostheses during total joint arthroplasties; also referred to as bone cement
  17. Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU)
    Area where immediate postoperative care of the patient takes place before transfer to the hospital room or ICU
  18. Prophylaxis
    Prevention of a disease or condition
  19. Restricted Area
    The areas of an operating department (including the sterile storage areas of the surgery department) that require proper OR attire, including the wearing of a mask
  20. Ring Stand
    A stand that is designed with one or two circular bands at the top to hold sterile basins
  21. Standard Precautions
    Guidelines established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to reduce the risk of disease transmission from blood and body fluids
  22. Suction Outlet
    A wall or ceiling connection for a suction device
  23. Surgical Site Infection (SSI)
    An infection of the surgical wound that was acquired during the course of the surgical procedure
Card Set
Physical Environment and Safety Standards
SRGT 1405 - Chapter 5 Vocab.