Special Populations

  1. Arterial Blood gases (ABGs)
    A method of monitoring blood oxygenation levels
  2. Autoimmune Diseases
    A disease such as rheumatoid arthritis that attacks the body’s own tissues
  3. Central Venous Catheter
    A catheter passed through a peripheral vein and ending in the thoracic vena cava; it is used to measure venous pressure or to infuse concentrated solutions
  4. Diabetes Mellitus
    A disorder of the endocrine system that affects the production of insulin in the pancreas; either type I (in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin) or type II (in which the pancreas produces different amounts of insulin)
  5. Enterocolitis
    Inflammation of the small intestine and colon
  6. Extruded
    Degree of function of an immune system that is designed to keep a patient from infection by pathogens
  7. Golden Hour
    Concept that medical treatment of a trauma victim within the first hour following injury improves patient outcomes
  8. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
    The virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  9. Hypothermia
    Abnormally low body temperature, typically defined as a core body temperature that is below 35°C
  10. Intra-arterial Measurement
    A method of ECG monitoring in which the intra-arterial catheter is inserted directly into the artery
  11. Kaposi’s sarcoma
    A cancer that produces painful external and internal lesions; internally, the lesions can cause complications, such as difficulty in swallowing (if present in the esophagus) or bowel obstruction (when present in the intestine)
  12. Kernicterus
    A potentially lethal disease of newborns caused by excessive accumulation of the bile pigment bilirubin
  13. Kinematics
    An attempt to understand the mechanism of injury and the action and effect of a particular type of force on the human body
  14. Penetrating
    Injury caused by a foreign object, such as a bullet or knife that passes through tissue
  15. Pneumothorax
    Abnormal accumulation of air in the pleural cavity
  16. Revised Trauma Score (RTS)
    A scoring system used to assess the severity of a traumatic wound and to determine the condition of a patient
  17. Septic Shock
    A state of shock produced by septicemia, when the body is overwhelmed by the pathogenic microorganisms and cannot adequately fight the infection
  18. Slenectomy
    Removal of the spleen
  19. Splenomegaly
    Abnormal enlargement of the spleen
  20. Torticollis
    An abnormal contracted state of a muscle(s)
  21. Urine Output
    Amount of urine collected and measured from a patient over a given amount of time; indicator of kidney function
  22. Venous Compression Device
    A device used for patients who are prone to the development of thrombophlebitis; a patient is fitted with intermittent venous compression boots that inflate and deflate every few seconds to promote the movement of venous blood in the leg(s)
  23. Neonate
    The first 28 days of life outside the uterus
  24. Infant
    1-18 months/ Hope; bond to mother.
  25. Toddler
    18-30 months/ Self-control and willpower; parents; autonomy versus shame and doubt.
  26. Preschooler
    30 months to 5 years/ Direction, purpose, conscience; learn basic right from wrong; identification.
  27. School age
    6-12 years/ Competence; distinguish gender roles; develop skills; increased socialization.
  28. Adolescent
    13-18 years/ Fidelity and devotion to others; adjust to body changes; privacy; peers.
  29. Young adult
    Intimate affiliation and love; select partner.
  30. Early  middle age
    Develop relationships; at the pinnacle of power in career.
  31. 50-70 years
    Productivity, consideration, charity; adjust to aging parents and children becoming adults
  32. 70 years-death
    Wisdom; learn to accept help and body changes.
  33. Normal Heart Rate Ranges for Children
    • Infants to 2 years (80-130) avg. 110
    • 2-6 years (70-120) avg. 100
    • 6-10 years (70-110) avg. 90
    • 10-16 years (60-100) avg. 85
  34. Normal Respiratory Rate (per minute) Ranges for Children
    • 1 year 10-40
    • 3 years 20-30
    • 6 years 16-22
    • 10 years 16-20
    • 17 years 12-20
  35. Intra-arterial Measurement (pediatrics)
    Infants & Children - a cutdown approach to the radial artery

    Neonates - the umbilical artery
  36. Central Venous Catheter (pediatrics)
    Children - inserted percutaneously into the subclavin or internal jugular vein

    Neonates- a cutdown approach to the external jugular vein
Card Set
Special Populations
SRGT 1405 - Chapter 4 Vocab.